Germania Inferior

Provincia Germania Inferior
Province of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire Germania Inferior.svg
The province of Germania Inferior within the Roman Empire, c. 117
CapitalColonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (CCAA)
Historical eraAntiquity
• Established after the Gallic wars
Succeeded by
Frankish Empire
Today part of Netherlands
The Roman empire in the time of Hadrian (ruled 117-138), showing, on the lower Rhine river, the imperial province of Germania Inferior (NW Germany/S. Netherlands, E. Belgium), and the 3 legions deployed there in 125. Note that the coast lines shown in the map are those of today, known to be different from those in Roman times in the North Sea area.

Germania Inferior (“Lower Germany”) was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine and bordering the North Sea.


According to Ptolemy (2.9), Germania Inferior included the Rhine from its mouth up to the mouth of the Obringa, a river identified with either the Aar or the Moselle. [1] The territory included modern Luxembourg, the southern Netherlands, part of Belgium, and part of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany, west of the Rhine.

The principal settlements of the province were Castra Vetera and Colonia Ulpia Traiana (both near Xanten), Coriovallum (Heerlen), Albaniana (Alphen aan den Rijn), Lugdunum Batavorum (Katwijk), Forum Hadriani (Voorburg), Ulpia Noviomagus Batavorum (Nijmegen), Traiectum (Utrecht), Atuatuca Tungrorum (Tongeren), Bona (Bonn), and Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne), the capital of Germania Inferior.

Other Languages
български: Долна Германия
čeština: Dolní Germánie
hrvatski: Donja Germanija
Nederlands: Germania Inferior
português: Germânia Inferior
slovenščina: Spodnja Germanija
српски / srpski: Доња Германија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Donja Germanija
Tiếng Việt: Hạ Germania