George II of Great Britain
|Reign||11/22O.S./N.S. June 1727 –|
25 October 1760
|11/22O.S./N.S. October 1727|
|Born||30 October / 9 November 1683O.S./N.S.|
|Died||25 October 1760 (aged 76)|
|Burial||11 November 1760|
(m. 1705; died 1737)
George II (George Augustus; German: Georg II. August; 30 October / 9 November 1683O.S./N.S. – 25 October 1760) was
George was the last British monarch born outside Great Britain: he was born and brought up in
As king from 1727, George exercised little control over British domestic policy, which was largely controlled by the
For two centuries after George II's death, history tended to view him with disdain, concentrating on his mistresses, short temper, and boorishness. Since then, reassessment of his legacy has led scholars to conclude that he exercised more influence in foreign policy and military appointments than previously thought.
George was born in the city of
George spoke only French, the language of diplomacy and the court, until the age of four, after which he was taught German by one of his tutors, Johann Hilmar Holstein. In addition to French and German, he was also schooled in English and Italian, and studied genealogy, military history, and battle tactics with particular diligence.