George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer
Custer Bvt MG Geo A 1865 LC-BH831-365-crop.jpg
George Armstrong Custer, circa 1865
Born(1839-12-05)December 5, 1839
New Rumley, Ohio, U.S.
DiedJune 25, 1876(1876-06-25) (aged 36)
Little Bighorn, Montana, U.S.
Initially on the battlefield;
Later reinterred in West Point Cemetery
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1861–1876
RankUnion Army LTC rank insignia.png Lieutenant Colonel, USA
Union army maj gen rank insignia.jpg Major General, USV
Commands heldMichigan Brigade
3rd Cavalry Division
2nd Cavalry Division
7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

American Indian Wars

AwardsSee below
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Bacon Custer
RelationsThomas Custer, brother
Boston Custer, brother
James Calhoun, brother-in-law
SignatureGeorge Armstrong Custer signature.svg

George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 – June 25, 1876) was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.

Custer graduated from West Point in 1861, bottom of his class, but as the Civil War was just starting, trained officers were in immediate demand. He worked closely with General McClellan and the future General Pleasonton, who both recognised his qualities as a cavalry leader, and he was brevetted brigadier general of Volunteers at age 23. At Gettysburg, he commanded the Michigan Cavalry Brigade ("Wolverines"), and defeated Jeb Stuart’s assault on Cemetery Ridge, while greatly outnumbered. In 1864, Custer served in the Overland Campaign and in Sheridan’s army in the Shenandoah Valley, defeating Jubal Early at Cedar Creek. His division blocked Lee's final retreat and received the first flag of truce from the Confederates, Custer being present at Lee’s surrender to U.S. Grant at Appomattox.

After the war, Custer was appointed a lieutenant colonel in the Regular Army, and sent west to fight in the Indian Wars. On June 25, 1876, while leading the 7th Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Territory against a coalition of Native American tribes, he was killed along with his entire detachment in an action known as "Custer's Last Stand".

His dramatic end was as controversial as the rest of his career, and his legacy remains deeply divided. His bold leadership in battle is unquestioned, but his legend was partly of his own fabrication, through his extensive journalism, and perhaps more through his wife’s energetic lobbying throughout her long widowhood.

Family and ancestry

Custer's paternal immigrant ancestors, Paulus and Gertrude Küster, emigrated to the North American English colonies around 1693 from the Rhineland in Germany, probably among thousands of Palatine refugees whose passage was arranged by the English government to gain settlers in New York and Pennsylvania.[1][2]

According to family letters, Custer was named after George Armstrong, a minister, in his devout mother's hope that her son might join the clergy.[3]

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: George Armstrong Custer
Simple English: George Armstrong Custer
српски / srpski: Џорџ Кастер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: George Armstrong Custer
Tiếng Việt: George Armstrong Custer