Life and career
Gentile was born in or near
Fabriano, in the
Marche. His mother died some time before 1380, and his father, Niccolò di Giovanni Massi, retired to a monastery in the same year, where he died in 1385. Little is known of his formation: one of his first known works, a
Madonna with Child (c. 1395–1400, now in Berlin) shows the influence of the northern Italian late-Gothic painting.
By around 1405, Gentile da Fabriano was working in
Venice. He painted a panel for the church of Santa Sofia, now lost;
Jacopo Bellini worked perhaps in his workshop. Between 1408 and 1409, he painted a
fresco (now lost) in the
Doge's Palace depicting the naval battle between the
Otto III. In Venice he knew
Pisanello and perhaps
Michelino da Besozzo.
From 1410–1412 is one of his first masterworks, the
Valle Romita Polyptych (now at the
Pinacoteca di Brera). In 1410–1411 he was at
Foligno, where he frescoed the
Palazzo Trinci. In 1414 he moved to
Brescia, at the service of
Pandolfo III Malatesta, and painted the Broletto Chapel, a work now mostly lost. In the Spring 1420 he was again in Fabriano.
On 6 August 1420 he was in
Florence, where he painted his famous altarpiece depicting the
Adoration of the Magi (1423), now in the Uffizi and regarded as one of the masterpieces of the International Gothic style. His other works in Florence include the
Quaratesi Polyptych (May 1425). In June–August 1425 he was in
Siena, where he painted a Madonna with Child, now lost, for the Palazzo dei Notai on
Piazza del Campo. Until October he was in
Orvieto, where he painted his fresco of the
Madonna and Child in the
Cathedral. In 1427 he arrived in Rome, commissioned by Pope
Martin V the decoration of the nave of the
Basilica of St. John in Lateran, which was completed by Pisanello after his death.
Gentile is known to have died before 14 October 1427. He is commonly said to have been buried in the church now called S. Francesca Romana in Florence, but his tomb vanished; there is evidence, however, that he may be buried in the church of
Santa Maria in Trastevere, in Rome, the place of his death.
He left no works in the
Marche, except possibly a Madonna and Child (of uncertain attribution) in the
Sant'Angelo in Vado, near Urbino. He also left one painting in Venice.