Genome

An image of the 46 chromosomes making up the diploid genome of a human male. (The mitochondrial chromosome is not shown.)

In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism. It consists of DNA (or RNA in RNA viruses). The genome includes both the genes (the coding regions) and the noncoding DNA,[1] as well as mitochondrial DNA[2] and chloroplast DNA. The study of the genome is called genomics.

Non-technical overview

A genome is all the genetic information of an organism. In meiosis, the genetic material of gametes is divided in half to create egg and sperm cells, which have only one copy of the book.[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Genoom
Alemannisch: Genom
العربية: مجموع مورثي
asturianu: Xenoma
বাংলা: জিনোম
Bân-lâm-gú: Ûi-thoân-thé
беларуская: Геном
български: Геном
bosanski: Genom
català: Genoma
Чӑвашла: Геном
čeština: Genom
dansk: Arvemasse
Deutsch: Genom
eesti: Genoom
Ελληνικά: Γονιδίωμα
español: Genoma
Esperanto: Genaro
euskara: Genoma
فارسی: ژنوم
français: Génome
Gaeilge: Géanóm
galego: Xenoma
한국어: 게놈
Հայերեն: Գենոմ
हिन्दी: जीनोम
hrvatski: Genom
Bahasa Indonesia: Genom
interlingua: Genoma
íslenska: Erfðamengi
italiano: Genoma
עברית: גנום
Basa Jawa: Genom
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜಿನೊಮ್‌
ქართული: გენომი
қазақша: Геном
Кыргызча: Гeном
latviešu: Genoms
Lëtzebuergesch: Genom
lietuvių: Genomas
magyar: Genom
македонски: Геном
मराठी: जीनोम
Bahasa Melayu: Genom
Nederlands: Genoom
नेपाली: जीनोम
日本語: ゲノム
norsk: Genom
norsk nynorsk: Genom
occitan: Genòma
polski: Genom
português: Genoma
română: Genom
русский: Геном
Scots: Genome
Simple English: Genome
slovenčina: Genóm
slovenščina: Dednina
کوردی: جینۆم
српски / srpski: Геном
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Genom
suomi: Genomi
svenska: Genom
Tagalog: Genome
ไทย: จีโนม
Türkçe: Genom
українська: Геном
Tiếng Việt: Bộ gen
Winaray: Henoma
中文: 基因組