Genome

An image of the 46 chromosomes making up the diploid genome of a human male. (The mitochondrial chromosome is not shown.)

In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism. It consists of DNA (or RNA in RNA viruses). The genome includes both the genes (the coding regions) and the noncoding DNA,[1] as well as mitochondrial DNA[2] and chloroplast DNA. The study of the genome is called genomics.

Origin of term

The term genome was created in 1920 by Hans Winkler,[3] professor of botany at the University of Hamburg, Germany. The Oxford Dictionary suggests the name is a blend of the words gene and chromosome.[4] However, see omics for a more thorough discussion. A few related -ome words already existed, such as biome, and rhizome, forming a vocabulary into which genome fits systematically.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Genoom
Alemannisch: Genom
العربية: مجموع مورثي
asturianu: Xenoma
বাংলা: জিনোম
Bân-lâm-gú: Ûi-thoân-thé
беларуская: Геном
български: Геном
bosanski: Genom
català: Genoma
Чӑвашла: Геном
čeština: Genom
dansk: Arvemasse
Deutsch: Genom
eesti: Genoom
Ελληνικά: Γονιδίωμα
español: Genoma
Esperanto: Genaro
euskara: Genoma
فارسی: ژنوم
français: Génome
Gaeilge: Géanóm
galego: Xenoma
한국어: 게놈
հայերեն: Գենոմ
हिन्दी: जीनोम
hrvatski: Genom
Bahasa Indonesia: Genom
interlingua: Genoma
íslenska: Erfðamengi
italiano: Genoma
עברית: גנום
Basa Jawa: Genom
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜಿನೊಮ್‌
ქართული: გენომი
қазақша: Геном
Кыргызча: Гeном
Latina: Genoma
latviešu: Genoms
Lëtzebuergesch: Genom
lietuvių: Genomas
magyar: Genom
македонски: Геном
मराठी: जीनोम
Bahasa Melayu: Genom
Nederlands: Genoom
नेपाली: जीनोम
日本語: ゲノム
norsk: Genom
norsk nynorsk: Genom
occitan: Genòma
polski: Genom
português: Genoma
română: Genom
русский: Геном
Scots: Genome
Simple English: Genome
slovenčina: Genóm
slovenščina: Dednina
کوردی: جینۆم
српски / srpski: Геном
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Genom
suomi: Genomi
svenska: Genom
Tagalog: Genome
ไทย: จีโนม
Türkçe: Genom
українська: Геном
Tiếng Việt: Bộ gen
Winaray: Henoma
中文: 基因組