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Generative grammar is a
Early versions of Chomsky's theory were called
There are a number of versions of generative grammar currently practiced within linguistics. A contrasting approach is that of
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There are a number of different approaches to generative grammar. Common to all is the effort to come up with a set of rules or principles that formally defines each and every one of the members of the set of well-formed expressions of a
Generative grammar has been under development since the late 1950s, and has undergone many changes in the types of rules and representations that are used to predict grammaticality. In tracing the historical development of ideas within generative grammar, it is useful to refer to various stages in the development of the theory.
The so-called standard theory corresponds to the original model of generative grammar laid out by Chomsky in 1965.
A core aspect of standard theory is the distinction between two different representations of a sentence, called
The so-called extended standard theory was formulated in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Features are:
The so-called revised extended standard theory was formulated between 1973 and 1976. It contains
An alternative model of syntax based on the idea that notions like subject, direct object, and indirect object play a primary role in grammar.
Chomsky's Lectures on Government and Binding (1981) and Barriers (1986).
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