Church in Geesthacht
Church in Geesthacht
Coat of arms of Geesthacht
Coat of arms
Location of Geesthacht
Geesthacht is located in Germany
Geesthacht is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Coordinates: 53°26′N 10°22′E / 53°26′N 10°22′E / 53.433; 10.367
 • MayorOlaf Schulze
 • Total33.18 km2 (12.81 sq mi)
5 m (16 ft)
 • Total30,453
 • Density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes04152

Geesthacht (German: [ɡeːstˈhaxt] (About this soundlisten)) is the largest city in the District of the Duchy of Lauenburg (Herzogtum Lauenburg) in Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany, 34 km southeast of Hamburg on the right bank of the river Elbe.


  • Around 800: A church is documented.
  • 1216: First documentary mention of the settlement as Hachede, then a part of Saxony.
  • A change in the course of the Elbe cuts the settlement into two: Geesthacht and Marschacht (in today's Lower Saxony).
  • 1296: Geesthacht becomes part of the Durchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, partitioned from Saxony
  • 1370: Duke Eric III pawns Geesthacht - as part of the Herrschaft of Bergedorf - to Lübeck
  • 1401: Duke Eric IV retakes the pawned area with force
  • 1420: Geesthacht is ceded as part of a condominium to the Hanseatic cities Hamburg and Lübeck by the Peace of Perleberg.
  • 1811: Geesthacht is annexed to France as part of the Bouches de l'Elbe département
  • 1813: The condominium is restored
  • 1865/66: The Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel establishes a glycerin factory in Geesthacht (on Krümmel hill) and invents dynamite. Krümmel becomes the first dynamite factory in the world.
  • 1868: Lübeck sells its share in the condominium to Hamburg, Geesthacht becomes a part Hamburg's state territory
  • 1906: Opening of the Bergedorf-Geesthachter Railway(BGE).
  • 1918–1933: Geesthacht is a hotbed of radical leftist parties (USPD, KPD and SAPD) and acquires the nickname Little Moscow.
  • 1924: Granted town privileges by the Hamburg state order of 2 January.
  • 1928: Destruction of the historical town centre by a fire.
  • 1937: In the context of the territorial reorganization of the State of Hamburg (Greater Hamburg Act), Geesthacht is transferred to the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein, there becoming part of the district (Kreis) of Duchy of Lauenburg.
  • 1953: Suspension of passenger service on the Bergedorf-Geesthachter Eisenbahn (a railway line).
Other Languages
العربية: غيزتاخت
català: Geesthacht
čeština: Geesthacht
dansk: Geesthacht
Deutsch: Geesthacht
español: Geesthacht
Esperanto: Geesthacht
euskara: Geesthacht
فارسی: گیزتاخت
français: Geesthacht
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌲𐌴𐍃𐍄𐌷𐌰𐍇𐍄
italiano: Geesthacht
Kiswahili: Geesthacht
magyar: Geesthacht
македонски: Гестахт
Bahasa Melayu: Geesthacht
Nederlands: Geesthacht
norsk: Geesthacht
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Geesthacht
Plattdüütsch: Geesthacht
polski: Geesthacht
português: Geesthacht
română: Geesthacht
русский: Гестхахт
српски / srpski: Гестахт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Geesthacht
suomi: Geesthacht
svenska: Geesthacht
Türkçe: Geesthacht
українська: Гестгахт
Tiếng Việt: Geesthacht
Volapük: Geesthacht
Winaray: Geesthacht
中文: 格斯塔特