Geesthacht

Geesthacht
Church in Geesthacht
Church in Geesthacht
Coat of arms of Geesthacht
Coat of arms
Location of Geesthacht
Geesthacht is located in Germany
Geesthacht
Geesthacht
Geesthacht is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Geesthacht
Geesthacht
Coordinates: 53°26′N 10°22′E / 53°26′N 10°22′E / 53.433; 10.367
CountryGermany
StateSchleswig-Holstein
DistrictLauenburg
Government
 • MayorOlaf Schulze
Area
 • Total33.18 km2 (12.81 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
(2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total30,453
 • Density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
21498–21502
Dialling codes04152
www.geesthacht.de

Geesthacht (German: [ɡeːstˈhaxt] (About this soundlisten)) is the largest city in the District of the Duchy of Lauenburg (Herzogtum Lauenburg) in Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany, 34 km southeast of Hamburg on the right bank of the river Elbe.

History

  • Around 800: A church is documented.
  • 1216: First documentary mention of the settlement as Hachede, then a part of Saxony.
  • A change in the course of the Elbe cuts the settlement into two: Geesthacht and Marschacht (in today's Lower Saxony).
  • 1296: Geesthacht becomes part of the Durchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, partitioned from Saxony
  • 1370: Duke Eric III pawns Geesthacht - as part of the Herrschaft of Bergedorf - to Lübeck
  • 1401: Duke Eric IV retakes the pawned area with force
  • 1420: Geesthacht is ceded as part of a condominium to the Hanseatic cities Hamburg and Lübeck by the Peace of Perleberg.
  • 1811: Geesthacht is annexed to France as part of the Bouches de l'Elbe département
  • 1813: The condominium is restored
  • 1865/66: The Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel establishes a glycerin factory in Geesthacht (on Krümmel hill) and invents dynamite. Krümmel becomes the first dynamite factory in the world.
  • 1868: Lübeck sells its share in the condominium to Hamburg, Geesthacht becomes a part Hamburg's state territory
  • 1906: Opening of the Bergedorf-Geesthachter Railway(BGE).
  • 1918–1933: Geesthacht is a hotbed of radical leftist parties (USPD, KPD and SAPD) and acquires the nickname Little Moscow.
  • 1924: Granted town privileges by the Hamburg state order of 2 January.
  • 1928: Destruction of the historical town centre by a fire.
  • 1937: In the context of the territorial reorganization of the State of Hamburg (Greater Hamburg Act), Geesthacht is transferred to the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein, there becoming part of the district (Kreis) of Duchy of Lauenburg.
  • 1953: Suspension of passenger service on the Bergedorf-Geesthachter Eisenbahn (a railway line).
Other Languages
العربية: غيزتاخت
català: Geesthacht
čeština: Geesthacht
dansk: Geesthacht
Deutsch: Geesthacht
español: Geesthacht
Esperanto: Geesthacht
euskara: Geesthacht
فارسی: گیزتاخت
français: Geesthacht
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌲𐌴𐍃𐍄𐌷𐌰𐍇𐍄
italiano: Geesthacht
Kiswahili: Geesthacht
magyar: Geesthacht
македонски: Гестахт
Bahasa Melayu: Geesthacht
Nederlands: Geesthacht
norsk: Geesthacht
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Geesthacht
Plattdüütsch: Geesthacht
polski: Geesthacht
português: Geesthacht
română: Geesthacht
русский: Гестхахт
српски / srpski: Гестахт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Geesthacht
suomi: Geesthacht
svenska: Geesthacht
Türkçe: Geesthacht
українська: Гестгахт
Tiếng Việt: Geesthacht
Volapük: Geesthacht
Winaray: Geesthacht
中文: 格斯塔特