Gdańsk

Gdańsk
Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 06.jpg
Corte Artus, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 03.jpg
Gdansk Kosciol mariacki5.jpg
Gran Armería, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 08.jpg
7629vik Gdańsk, fontanna Neptuna. Foto Barbara Maliszewska.jpg
Politech gda elektrotech automat.jpg
Gdansk diabelski mlyn 1.jpg
Motto(s): 
Nec Temere, Nec Timide
(Neither rashly, nor timidly)
Gdańsk is located in Pomeranian Voivodeship
Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Location of Gdansk in Poland
Gdańsk is located in Poland
Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Gdańsk (Poland)
Coordinates: 54°22′N 18°38′E / 54°22′N 18°38′E / 54.367; 18.633UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
80-008 to 80–958
Area code(s)+48 58
gdansk.pl

Gdańsk (k/, also US: k/,[2] Polish: [ɡdaj̃sk] (About this soundlisten); Kashubian: Gduńsk; German: Danzig [ˈdantsɪç] (About this soundlisten)) is a city on the Baltic coast of northern Poland. With a population of 466,631,[1] Gdańsk is the capital and largest city of the Pomeranian Voivodeship and one of the most prominent cities within the cultural and geographical region of Kashubia. It is Poland's principal seaport and the centre of the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area.[3]

The city is situated on the southern edge of Gdańsk Bay on the Baltic Sea, in a conurbation with the city of Gdynia, spa town of Sopot, and suburban communities; these form a metropolitan area called the Tricity (Trójmiasto), with a population approaching 1.4 million. Gdańsk lies at the mouth of the Motława River, connected to the Leniwka, a branch in the delta of the nearby Vistula River, which drains 60 percent of Poland and connects Gdańsk with the Polish capital, Warsaw. Together with the nearby port of Gdynia, Gdańsk is also a notable industrial center.

The city's history is complex, with periods of Polish, Prussian and German rule, and periods of autonomy or self-rule as a free city state. In the early-modern age Gdańsk was a royal city of Poland. It was considered the wealthiest and the largest city of Poland, prior to the 18th century rapid growth of Warsaw. In the late Middle Ages it was an important seaport and shipbuilding town and, in the 14th and 15th centuries, a member of the Hanseatic League.

In the interwar period, owing to its multi-ethnic make-up and history, Gdańsk lay in a disputed region between Poland and Germany, which became known as the Polish Corridor. The city's ambiguous political status was exploited, furthering tension between the two countries, which would ultimately culminate in the Invasion of Poland and the first clash of the Second World War just outside the city limits, followed by the flight and expulsion of the majority of the previous population in 1945. In the 1980s it would become the birthplace of the Solidarity movement, which played a major role in bringing an end to Communist rule in Poland and helped precipitate the collapse of the Eastern Bloc, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Gdańsk is home to the University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk University of Technology, the National Museum, the Gdańsk Shakespeare Theatre, the Museum of the Second World War, Polish Baltic Philharmonic and the European Solidarity Centre. The city also hosts St. Dominic's Fair, which dates back to 1260, and is regarded as one of the biggest trade and cultural events in Europe.[4] Gdańsk has also topped rankings for the quality of life, safety and living standards worldwide.[5][6][7]

Names

The city's name is thought to originate from the Gdania River,[8] the original name of the Motława branch on which the city is situated. The name of a settlement was recorded after St. Adalbert's death in AD 997 as urbs Gyddanyzc[9] and later was written as Kdanzk in 1148, Gdanzc in 1188, Danceke[10] in 1228, Gdansk in 1236,[11] Danzc in 1263, Danczk in 1311,[12] Danczik in 1399,[9][13] Danczig in 1414, Gdąnsk in 1656. In Polish the modern name of the city is pronounced [ɡdaj̃sk] (About this soundlisten). In English (where the diacritic over the "n" is frequently omitted) the usual pronunciation is k/ or k/. The German name, Danzig, is pronounced as [ˈdantsɪç] (About this soundlisten).

The city's Latin name may be given as either Gedania, Gedanum or Dantiscum; the variety of Latin names reflects the mixed influence of the city's Polish, German and Kashubian heritage. Other former spellings of the name include Dantzig, Dantsic and Dantzic.

Ceremonial names

On special occasions the city is also referred to as "The Royal Polish City of Gdańsk" (Polish Królewskie Polskie Miasto Gdańsk, Latin Regia Civitas Polonica Gedanensis, Kashubian Królewsczi Polsczi Gard Gduńsk).[14][15][16] In the Kashubian language the city is called Gduńsk. Although some Kashubians may also use the name "Our Capital City Gduńsk" (Nasz Stoleczny Gard Gduńsk) or "The Kashubian Capital City Gduńsk" (Stoleczny Kaszëbsczi Gard Gduńsk), the cultural and historical connections between the city and the region of Kashubia are debatable and use of such names rises controversy among Kashubians.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gdansk
Alemannisch: Danzig
አማርኛ: ግዳንስክ
Ænglisc: Dantsic
العربية: غدانسك
aragonés: Gdańsk
asturianu: Gdańsk
azərbaycanca: Qdansk
تۆرکجه: گدانسک
Bân-lâm-gú: Gdański
башҡортса: Гданьск
беларуская: Гданьск
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гданьск
Bikol Central: Gdańsk
български: Гданск
Boarisch: Danzig
brezhoneg: Gdańsk
буряад: Гданьск
català: Gdańsk
Чӑвашла: Гданьск
čeština: Gdaňsk
Chi-Chewa: Gdańsk
corsu: Gdańsk
Cymraeg: Gdańsk
dansk: Gdańsk
davvisámegiella: Gdańsk
Deutsch: Danzig
dolnoserbski: Gdańsk
eesti: Gdańsk
Ελληνικά: Γκντανσκ
эрзянь: Гданьск ош
español: Gdansk
Esperanto: Gdańsk
estremeñu: Gdansk
euskara: Gdańsk
فارسی: گدانسک
føroyskt: Gdańsk
français: Gdańsk
Frysk: Gdańsk
furlan: Gdańsk
Gaeilge: Gdańsk
Gaelg: Gdańsk
Gàidhlig: Gdańsk
galego: Gdańsk
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Gdańsk
한국어: 그단스크
հայերեն: Գդանսկ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Գդանսկ
हिन्दी: डांस्क
hornjoserbsce: Gdańsk
hrvatski: Gdanjsk
Ido: Gdańsk
Bahasa Indonesia: Gdańsk
interlingua: Gdańsk
Interlingue: Gdańsk
Ирон: Гданьск
íslenska: Gdańsk
italiano: Danzica
עברית: גדנסק
Jawa: Gdańsk
kalaallisut: Gdańsk
ქართული: გდანსკი
kaszëbsczi: Gduńsk
Kiswahili: Gdansk
Kreyòl ayisyen: Gdańsk
Кыргызча: Гданьск
Ladino: Gdańsk
Latina: Gedanum
latviešu: Gdaņska
Lëtzebuergesch: Gdańsk
lietuvių: Gdanskas
Limburgs: Danzig
lumbaart: Danzica
magyar: Gdańsk
македонски: Гдањск
Malagasy: Gdańsk
മലയാളം: ഗ്ദാൻസ്ക്
Malti: Gdańsk
मराठी: गदान्स्क
მარგალური: გდანსკი
Bahasa Melayu: Gdańsk
Dorerin Naoero: Gdańsk
Nederlands: Gdańsk
日本語: グダニスク
Napulitano: Danzica
нохчийн: Гданьск
norsk: Gdańsk
norsk nynorsk: Gdańsk
occitan: Gdańsk
олык марий: Гданьск
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gdańsk
پنجابی: گدانسک
Papiamentu: Gdańsk
Picard: Gdańsk
Tok Pisin: Gdansk
Plattdüütsch: Danzig
polski: Gdańsk
português: Danzigue
qırımtatarca: Gdansk
română: Gdańsk
Runa Simi: Gdańsk
русский: Гданьск
sardu: Gdańsk
Scots: Gdańsk
shqip: Dancigu
sicilianu: Dànzica
Simple English: Gdańsk
slovenčina: Gdansk
slovenščina: Gdansk
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Гъданьскъ
ślůnski: Gdańsk
کوردی: گدانسک
српски / srpski: Гдањск
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gdańsk
suomi: Gdańsk
svenska: Gdańsk
татарча/tatarça: Гданьск
tetun: Gdańsk
Türkçe: Gdańsk
українська: Гданськ
اردو: گدانسک
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Danzig
vepsän kel’: Gdan'sk
Tiếng Việt: Gdańsk
Volapük: Gdańsk
Winaray: Gdańsk
吴语: 格但斯克
ייִדיש: דאנציג
粵語: 格但斯克
Zeêuws: Gdansk
中文: 格但斯克