Gambia River

Gambia River
River gambia Niokolokoba National Park.gif
Gambia River in the Niokolo-Koba National Park
Map of the Gambia River drainage basin
CountryGuinea, Senegal, The Gambia
Physical characteristics
SourceFouta Djallon
MouthAtlantic Ocean
 - location
 - coordinates
13°28′N 16°34′W / 13°28′N 16°34′W / 13.467; -16.567
Length1,120[1] km (700 mi)

The Gambia River (formerly known as the River Gambra) is a major river in West Africa, running 1,120 kilometres (700 mi) from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward through Senegal and the Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. It is navigable for about half that length.

The river is strongly associated with The Gambia, the smallest country in mainland Africa, which consists of little more than the downstream half of the river and its two banks.

From the Fouta Djallon, the river runs northwest into the Tambacounda Region of Senegal, where it flows through the Parc National du Niokolo Koba, then is joined by the Nieri Ko and Koulountou before entering the Gambia at Fatoto. At this point the river runs generally west, but in a meandering course with a number of oxbows, and about 100km from its mouth it gradually widens, to over 10km wide where it meets the sea.

Near the mouth of the river, near Juffure, is Kunta Kinteh Island, a place used in the slave trade which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

On the banks of the river, the Kaira Konko Lodge, a scout camp, is located there.[2]

The aquatic fauna in the Gambia River basin is closely associated with that of the Sénégal River basin, and the two are usually combined under a single ecoregion known as the Senegal-Gambia Catchments. Although the species richness is moderately high, only three species of frogs and one fish are endemic to this ecoregion.[3]

Oysters are harvested from the River Gambia by women and used to make oyster stew, a traditional dish in the cuisine of Gambia.


  1. ^ "Gambia River". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Access Gambia". Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  3. ^ "509: Senegal – Gambia". Freshwater Ecoregions of the World. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gambiërivier
العربية: نهر غامبيا
asturianu: Ríu Gambia
Avañe'ẽ: Ysyry Gámbia
تۆرکجه: قامبیا چایی
беларуская: Гамбія (рака)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гамбія (рака)
български: Гамбия (река)
brezhoneg: Gambia (stêr)
català: Riu Gàmbia
čeština: Gambie (řeka)
Cymraeg: Afon Gambia
español: Río Gambia
Esperanto: Rivero Gambio
français: Gambie (fleuve)
galego: Río Gambia
한국어: 감비아강
հայերեն: Գամբիա (գետ)
Bahasa Indonesia: Sungai Gambia
italiano: Gambia (fiume)
Basa Jawa: Kali Gambia
Kiswahili: Gambia (mto)
latviešu: Gambija (upe)
Lëtzebuergesch: Gambia (Floss)
lietuvių: Gambija (upė)
македонски: Гамбија (река)
Bahasa Melayu: Sungai Gambia
Nederlands: Gambia (rivier)
日本語: ガンビア川
norsk nynorsk: Gambiaelva
português: Rio Gâmbia
română: Fluviul Gambia
русский: Гамбия (река)
Simple English: Gambia River
slovenčina: Gambia (rieka)
slovenščina: Gambija (reka)
српски / srpski: Гамбија (река)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gambija (rijeka)
svenska: Gambiafloden
Tagalog: Ilog Gambia
Türkçe: Gambiya Nehri
українська: Гамбія (річка)
Tiếng Việt: Sông Gambia
中文: 冈比亚河