Gaia

Gaia
Primordial Deity of the Earth
Member of the Protogenoi
Feuerbach Gaea.jpg
Gaea, by Anselm Feuerbach (1875)
AbodeEarth
Personal information
ConsortUranus, Pontus, Aether and Tartarus
OffspringUranus, Pontus, the Ourea, Hecatonchires, Cyclopes, Titans, The Gigantes, Nereus, Thaumus, Phorcys, Ceto, Eurybia, Aergia, Typhon, and Python
ParentsNone, or Chaos (Hesiod), or Aether and Hemera (Hyginus)
SiblingsNone, or Nyx, Erebus, Tartarus, Eros, or Uranus, Thalassa
Roman equivalentTerra, Tellus

In Greek mythology, Gaia (ə/ or ə/; from Ancient Greek Γαῖα, a poetical form of Γῆ , "land" or "earth"),[1] also spelled Gaea (ə/), is the personification of the Earth[2] and one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia is the ancestral mother of all life: the primal Mother Earth goddess. She is the immediate parent of Uranus (the sky), from whose sexual union she bore the Titans (themselves parents of many of the Olympian gods) and the Giants, and of Pontus (the sea), from whose union she bore the primordial sea gods. Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra.[3]

Etymology

The Greek name Γαῖα (Gaĩa)[4] is a mostly epic, collateral form of Attic Γῆ[5] (), Doric Γᾶ (, perhaps identical to Δᾶ )[6] meaning "Earth", a word of uncertain origin.[7] Robert S. P. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin.[8] It, however, could be related to the Avestan word gaiia "life" (cf. gaēθā "[material] world, totality of creatures" and gaēθiia "belonging to, residing in the worldly or material sphere, material") or perhaps to Avestan gairi "mountain".[citation needed]

In Mycenean Greek Ma-ka (transliterated as Ma-ga, "Mother Gaia") also contains the root ga-.[8][9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gaia (mitologie)
asturianu: Gaia
azərbaycanca: Geya
বাংলা: গাইয়া
беларуская: Гея (багіня)
български: Гея
Boarisch: Gaia
brezhoneg: Gaia (doueez)
català: Gea
čeština: Gaia
eesti: Gaia
español: Gea
Esperanto: Geo
français: Gaïa
Gaeilge: Gáia
galego: Gaia
한국어: 가이아
հայերեն: Գեա
hrvatski: Geja
Bahasa Indonesia: Gaia
íslenska: Gaia
italiano: Gea
עברית: גאיה
ქართული: გეა
Latina: Gaea
latviešu: Gaja
Lëtzebuergesch: Gaia (Mythologie)
lietuvių: Gaja
magyar: Gaia
македонски: Геја (митологија)
مازِرونی: گایا
Nederlands: Gaia (mythologie)
日本語: ガイア
norsk: Gaia
norsk nynorsk: Gaia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Geya
português: Gaia (mitologia)
română: Geea
русский: Гея
Simple English: Gaia (mythology)
slovenčina: Gaia (mytológia)
slovenščina: Gaja
српски / srpski: Геја
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Geja
suomi: Gaia
svenska: Gaia
தமிழ்: கையா
татарча/tatarça: Geya
ไทย: ไกอา
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎦᏯ
Türkçe: Gaia (mitoloji)
українська: Гея
vepsän kel’: Geja
Tiếng Việt: Gaia (thần thoại)
粵語: 蓋亞
中文: 盖亚