Gabriel de Avilés, 2nd Marquis of Avilés

Don
Gabriel de Avilés
Marquis of Avilés
Avilés1.jpg
Viceroy of Peru
In office
November 5, 1801 – August 20, 1806
MonarchCharles IV
Prime MinisterManuel de Godoy
Preceded byManuel Arredondo
Succeeded byJosé de Abascal
Viceroy of Río de la Plata
In office
March 14, 1799 – May 20, 1801
MonarchCharles IV
Prime MinisterCount of Floridablanca
Preceded byAntonio Olaguer Feliú
Succeeded byJoaquín del Pino
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
September 18, 1796 – January 21, 1799
MonarchCharles IV
Prime MinisterCount of Floridablanca
Preceded byJosé de Rezabal
Succeeded byJoaquín del Pino
Personal details
Bornc. 1735
Vic, Spain
DiedSeptember 19, 1810(1810-09-19) (aged 74–75)
Valparaíso, Chile
Spouse(s)Mercedes del Risco
ProfessionLieutenant General

Gabriel de Avilés Itúrbide y del Fierro, 2nd Marquis of Avilés (Spanish: Gabriel de Avilés Itúrbide y del Fierro, segundo Marqués de Avilés) (c. 1735 – September 19, 1810) was a Spanish military officer and colonial administrator in the Americas. He was governor of Chile, viceroy of Río de la Plata, and viceroy of Peru.

Early life

Gabriel de Avilés was born in Vic in the province of Barcelona, the son of José de Avilés, 1st Marquis of Avilés, intendente of Aragon and Valencia, and of Carmen del Fierro. He entered the military at a young age. He was sent to Chile as a cavalry instructor in 1768. After two years at Arauco, he was sent to Peru as subinspector general of the army. He married Mercedes del Risco y Ciudad, a Peruvian woman with a reputation for such kindness that she is known to history as la santa virreina.