Göktürks

Göktürks
Tyurki.jpg
Göktürk petroglyphs from Mongolia (6th to 8th century)
Total population
Ancestral to Turkic population
Regions with significant populations
Central Asia
Languages
Old Turkic
Religion
Tengrism

The Göktürks, Celestial Turks, Blue Turks or Kok Turks (Old Turkic: 𐰜𐰇𐰛:𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰰, Kök Türük; Chinese: 突厥/تُركِئ; pinyin: Tūjué, Middle Chinese: *duət̚-kʉɐt̚ (türkut), Dungan: Тўҗүә; Khotanese Saka: Ttūrka, Ttrūka;[1] Old Tibetan: Drugu[1]), were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples in medieval Inner Asia. The Göktürks, under the leadership of Bumin Qaghan (d. 552) and his sons, succeeded the Rouran Khaganate as the main power in the region and established the Turkic Khaganate, one of several nomadic dynasties which would shape the future geolocation, culture, and dominant beliefs of Turkic peoples.

Etymology

Map of the Tujue Khanate (Ashina clan of Göktürks) at its greatest extent in 570[citation needed]
Situation of Interior Asia in Late 6th Century with approximate ranges of Eastern and Western Gokturks (Tujue)[citation needed]

Strictly speaking, the common name Göktürk is the Anatolian Turkish form of the ethnonym. The Old Turkic name for the Göktürks was 𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰰 Türük,[2][3] 𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰰:𐰜𐰇𐰛 Kök Türük,[2][3] or Old Turkic letter K.svgOld Turkic letter R2.svgOld Turkic letter U.svgOld Turkic letter T2.svg Türk.[4] They were known in Middle Chinese historical sources as the tɦutkyat[1] (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tūjué). According to Chinese sources, the meaning of the word Tujue was "combat helmet" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dōumóu; Wade–Giles: Tou1-mou2), reportedly because the shape of the Altai Mountains where they lived, was similar to a combat helmet.[5][6][7]

Göktürk means "Celestial Turks",[8] or sometimes "Blue Turks" (i.e. because sky blue is associated with celestial realms). This is consistent with "the cult of heavenly ordained rule" which was a recurrent element of Altaic political culture and as such may have been imbibed by the Göktürks from their predecessors in Mongolia.[9] The name of the ruling Ashina clan may derive from the Khotanese Saka term for "deep blue", āššɪna.[10]

The word Türk meant "strong" in Old Turkic.[11]

Other Languages
العربية: غوكتورك
asturianu: Köktürk
български: Гьоктюрки
Чӑвашла: Тӳркӳтсем
čeština: Turkuti
Deutsch: Kök-Türken
español: Köktürk
euskara: Göktürk
français: Göktürk
한국어: 돌궐
हिन्दी: गोएकतुर्क
hrvatski: Gok-Turci
Bahasa Indonesia: Göktürk
italiano: Göktürk
עברית: גקטורקים
日本語: 突厥
norsk nynorsk: Køk-tyrkarar
پنجابی: گوک ترک
polski: Turkuci
português: Goturcos
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gok Turci
Türkçe: Göktürkler
粵語: 戈突厥
中文: 古突厥