In linear algebra
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. (November 2017)
Let V be a vector space over a field F and let X be any set. The functions X → V can be given the structure of a vector space over F where the operations are defined pointwise, that is, for any f, g : X → V, any x in X, and any c in F, define
When the domain X has additional structure, one might consider instead the subset (or subspace) of all such functions which respect that structure. For example, if X is also vector space over F, the set of linear maps X → V form a vector space over F with pointwise operations (often denoted Hom(X,V)). One such space is the dual space of V: the set of linear functionals V → F with addition and scalar multiplication defined pointwise.