Function space

In mathematics, a function space is a set of functions between two fixed sets. Often, the domain and/or codomain will have additional structure which is inherited by the function space. For example, the set of functions from any set X into a vector space have a natural vector space structure given by pointwise addition and scalar multiplication. In other scenarios, the function space might inherit a topological or metric structure, hence the name function space.

In linear algebra

Let V be a vector space over a field F and let X be any set. The functions XV can be given the structure of a vector space over F where the operations are defined pointwise, that is, for any f, g : XV, any x in X, and any c in F, define

When the domain X has additional structure, one might consider instead the subset (or subspace) of all such functions which respect that structure. For example, if X is also vector space over F, the set of linear maps XV form a vector space over F with pointwise operations (often denoted Hom(X,V)). One such space is the dual space of V: the set of linear functionals VF with addition and scalar multiplication defined pointwise.

Other Languages
Esperanto: Funkcia spaco
한국어: 함수 공간
Nederlands: Functieruimte
日本語: 関数空間
português: Espaço funcional
Simple English: Function space
svenska: Funktionsrum
中文: 函数空间