Fula people

Fulani, Fula
Fulɓe
A Pullo (Fulani) man in Garibou village, Togo, West Africa
Total population
c. 40 million[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
West Africa and Central Africa
 Nigeria14,400,000[3][4]
 Guinea5,070,160[5]
 Senegal3,182,300[6]
 Mali2,870,000[7]
 Cameroon2,344,000[8]
 Niger2,046,330[9]
 Burkina Faso1,920,050[10]
 Mauritania916,113[11]
 Ghana800,523
 Benin750,000[8]
 Guinea-Bissau517,560[12]
 Gambia491,399[8]
 Ivory Coast479,000[13]
 Chad352,580[14][15]
 Central African Republic287,187[16][17]
 Sierra Leone258,860[18]
 Sudan211,000[19][20]
 Togo111,000[21]
Languages
Fulfulde / Pulaar
Religion
Vast majority: Islam
Small minority: Christianity[22]
PersonPullo
PeopleFulɓe
LanguagePulaar (West), Fulfulde (East)

The Fula, Fulani or Fulɓe people (Fula: Fulɓe; French: Peul; Hausa: Fulani or Hilani; Portuguese: Fula; Wolof: Pël; Bambara: Fulaw) are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.[23] Inhabiting many countries, they live mainly in West Africa and northern parts of Central Africa but also in South Sudan, Sudan, and regions near the Red Sea coast. There are an estimated 40 million people of Fulani descent in West Africa in total.[24]

A significant proportion of the Fula – a third, or an estimated 12 to 13 million[25] – are pastoralists, and their ethnic group has the largest nomadic pastoral community in the world.[26][27] The majority of the Fula ethnic group consisted of semi-sedentary people[27] as well as sedentary settled farmers, artisans, merchants and nobility.[28][29] As an ethnic group, they are bound together by the Fula language, their history[30][31][32] and their culture. More than 90% of the Fula are Muslims.[33]

Many West African Leaders are of the Fulani descent including the President of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari; the President of Senegal, Macky Sall; the President of Gambia, Adama Barrow; the Vice President of Sierra Leone, Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh; and the Prime Minister of Mali, Boubou Cisse. They also lead Major international institutions, such as the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Amina J. Mohammed; President-Elect of the United Nations General Assembly, Tijjani Muhammad-Bande; and the Secretary-General of OPEC, Mohammed Sanusi Barkindo.

Fulani herders in the arid region of Gao, Northern Mali

Names

A Bodaado (singular of Wadaabe) Fula man

There are many names (and spellings of the names) used in other languages to refer to the Fulɓe. Fulani in English is borrowed from the Hausa term.[34] Fula, from Manding languages, is also used in English, and sometimes spelled Fulah or Fullah. Fula and Fulani are commonly used in English, including within Africa. The French borrowed the Wolof term Pël, which is variously spelled: Peul, Peulh, and even Peuhl. More recently the Fulfulde / Pulaar term Fulɓe, which is a plural noun (singular, Pullo) has been Anglicised as Fulbe,[35] which is gaining popularity in use. In Portuguese, the terms Fula or Futafula are used. The terms Fallata Fallatah or Fellata are of Kanuri origins, and are often the ethnonyms by which Fulani people are identified by in parts of Chad and in Sudan.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fula (volk)
العربية: شعب الفولاني
asturianu: Fulani
تۆرکجه: فولانی‌لر
беларуская: Фульбэ
български: Фулбе
català: Fulbe
čeština: Fulbové
dansk: Fulaniere
Deutsch: Fulbe
eesti: Fulbed
español: Fulani
Esperanto: Fulanoj
euskara: Fula (etnia)
français: Peuls
Fulfulde: Pullo
galego: Pobo fula
한국어: 풀라인
Hausa: Fulani
հայերեն: Ֆուլբե
हिन्दी: फ़ुला लोग
hrvatski: Fulbe
Bahasa Indonesia: Fula
italiano: Fulani
ქართული: ფულბე
кырык мары: Фульбевлӓ
Latina: Fula
lietuvių: Fulbiai
magyar: Fulbék
मैथिली: फुला लोग
Nederlands: Fulbe
नेपाली: फुला मानिस
日本語: フラニ族
norsk: Fulani
norsk nynorsk: Fulaniar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fula
polski: Fulbe
português: Fulas
română: Fula (etnie)
русский: Фульбе
Scots: Fula fowk
Simple English: Fulani people
српски / srpski: Фулани
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fulbe
suomi: Fulbet
svenska: Fulani
Türkçe: Pöller
українська: Фульбе
اردو: فولا قوم
Tiếng Việt: Người Fula
Wolof: Pël
吴语: 富拉尼人
中文: 富拉尼人