Fritigern or Fritigernus[1] (died ca. 380) was a Thervingian Gothic chieftain whose decisive victory at Adrianople during the Gothic War (376–382) led to favourable terms for the Goths when peace was made with Gratian and Theodosius I in 382.

Conflicts against Athanaric

Socrates Scholasticus, Sozomen, and Zosimus refer to conflicts between Fritigern and Athanaric.[2][3][4] Ammianus Marcellinus and Philostorgius do not record such conflicts.

According to Socrates, Fritigern and Athanaric were rival leaders of the (Therving) Goths. As this rivalry grew into warfare, Athanaric gained the advantage, and Fritigern asked for Roman aid. The Emperor Valens and the Thracian field army intervened, Valens and Fritigern defeated Athanaric, and Fritigern converted to Christianity, following the same teachings as Valens followed.[5] Sozomen follows Socrates' account.[6]

According to Zosimus, Athanaric (Athomaricus) was the king of the Goths (Scythians). Sometime after their victory at Adrianople, and after the accession of Theodosius, Fritigern, Alatheus, and Saphrax moved north of the Danube and defeated Athanaric, before returning south of the Danube.[7]

The earliest sources that mention Fritigern originate from the period in which Valens, emperor of the Roman Empire, attacked the Thervingi (367-369) and from the period in which the Huns raided the Thervingi (ca. 376). In this period a civil war may have broken out between Fritigern and Athanaric, a prominent Therving ruler. Before or during this civil war, Fritigern converted to ("Arian") Christianity. Nevertheless, Athanaric seems to have won this war. Athanaric later led the Thervingi in battle against the Huns in 376.[8]

Other Languages
aragonés: Friticherno
беларуская: Фрытыгерн
български: Фритигерн
català: Fritigern
čeština: Fritigern
dansk: Fritigern
Deutsch: Fritigern
español: Fritigerno
Esperanto: Fritigern
français: Fritigern
Frysk: Fritigern
galego: Fritixerno
hrvatski: Fritigern
italiano: Fritigerno
magyar: Fritigern
Nederlands: Fritigern
norsk: Fritigern
norsk nynorsk: Frithigern
Plattdüütsch: Fritigern
polski: Fritigern
português: Fritigerno
română: Fritigern
русский: Фритигерн
српски / srpski: Фритигерн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fritigern
suomi: Fritigern
svenska: Fritigern
українська: Фрітігерн