French toast

French toast
French toast served at a restaurant
Serving temperatureHot, with toppings
Main ingredientsBread, eggs, milk or cream

French toast is a dish made of bread soaked in eggs and milk, then fried. Alternative names and variants include eggy bread,[1] Bombay toast,[2] German toast,[3][4] gypsy toast,[5] poor knights (of Windsor),[6] and Torrija.[4]


The earliest known reference to French toast is in the Apicius, a collection of Latin recipes dating to the 4th or 5th century, where it is described as simply aliter dulcia ("another sweet dish").[7] The recipe says to "slice fine white bread, remove the crust, and break it into large pieces. Soak these pieces in milk and beaten egg, fry in oil, and cover with honey before serving."[8][better source needed]

A fourteenth-century German recipe uses the name Arme Ritter ("poor knights"),[4][9] a name also used in English[6] and the Nordic languages. Also in the fourteenth century, Taillevent presented a recipe for "tostées dorées".[10] Italian 15th-century culinary expert Martino da Como offers a recipe. [11]

The usual French name is pain perdu (French: [pɛ̃ pɛʁdy] (About this soundlisten), "lost bread", reflecting its use of stale or otherwise "lost" bread — which gave birth to the metaphoric term pain perdu for sunk costs.[12] It may also be called pain doré, "golden bread", in Canada.[13] There are fifteenth-century English recipes for pain perdu.[4][14][15]

An Austrian and Bavarian term is pafese or pofese, from zuppa pavese, referring to Pavia, Italy.[16] The word "soup" in the dish's name refers to bread soaked in a liquid, a sop. In Hungary, it is commonly called bundáskenyér (lit. "furry bread").[17]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Arme Ritter
asturianu: Picatostes
български: Пържена филийка
Boarisch: Bofesn
Deutsch: Arme Ritter
Ελληνικά: Αυγόψωμο
español: Torrija
Esperanto: Pankuko
euskara: Torrada
français: Pain perdu
italiano: French toast
עברית: פרנץ' טוסט
Nederlands: Wentelteefje
Pälzisch: Arme Ritter
polski: Torrija
português: Rabanada
Simple English: French toast
српски / srpski: Prženice
українська: Солодкі грінки
West-Vlams: Klakoars
ייִדיש: אייער ברויט
粵語: 西多士
中文: 西多士