Frankenstein

  • frankenstein;
    or, the modern prometheus
    frankenstein 1818 edition title page.jpg
    volume i, first edition
    authormary shelley
    countryunited kingdom
    languageenglish
    genregothic novel, horror fiction, science fiction[1]
    set inengland, italy, france, scotland, switzerland, russia, germany; late 18th century
    published1 january 1818 (lackington, hughes, harding, mavor & jones)
    pages280
    dewey decimal
    823.7
    lc classpr5397 .f7
    textfrankenstein;
    or, the modern prometheus
    at wikisource

    frankenstein; or, the modern prometheus is a novel written by english author mary shelley (1797–1851) that tells the story of victor frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a hideous sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. shelley started writing the story when she was 18, and the first edition was published anonymously in london on 1 january 1818, when she was 20.[2] her name first appeared in the second edition published in paris in 1821.

    shelley travelled through europe in 1815 along the river rhine in germany stopping in gernsheim, 17 kilometres (11 mi) away from frankenstein castle, where two centuries before, an alchemist engaged in experiments.[3][4][5] she then journeyed to the region of geneva, switzerland, where much of the story takes place. the topic of galvanism and occult ideas were themes of conversation among her companions, particularly her lover and future husband percy b. shelley. mary, percy and lord byron had a competition to see who could write the best horror story. after thinking for days, shelley dreamt about a scientist who created life and was horrified by what he had made, inspiring the novel.[6]

    frankenstein is infused with elements of the gothic novel and the romantic movement. brian aldiss has argued that it should be considered the first true science fiction story because, in contrast to previous stories with fantastical elements resembling those of later science fiction, the central character "makes a deliberate decision" and "turns to modern experiments in the laboratory" to achieve fantastic results.[7] it has had a considerable influence in literature and popular culture and spawned a complete genre of horror stories, films and plays.

    since the novel's publication, the name "frankenstein" has often been used to refer to the monster itself.[8][9][10] in the novel, frankenstein's creation is identified by words such as "creature", "monster", "daemon", "wretch", "abortion", "fiend" and "it". speaking to victor frankenstein, the monster says "i ought to be thy adam, but i am rather the fallen angel" (which ties to lucifer in paradise lost, which the monster reads, and which relates to the disobedience of prometheus in the book's subtitle).

  • summary
  • author's background
  • characters
  • composition
  • publication
  • frankenstein and the monster
  • shelley's sources
  • reception
  • derivative works
  • films, plays, and television
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Frankenstein;
or, The Modern Prometheus
Frankenstein 1818 edition title page.jpg
Volume I, first edition
AuthorMary Shelley
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
GenreGothic novel, horror fiction, science fiction[1]
Set inEngland, Italy, France, Scotland, Switzerland, Russia, Germany; late 18th century
Published1 January 1818 (Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor & Jones)
Pages280
823.7
LC ClassPR5397 .F7
TextFrankenstein;
or, The Modern Prometheus
at Wikisource

Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is a novel written by English author Mary Shelley (1797–1851) that tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a hideous sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Shelley started writing the story when she was 18, and the first edition was published anonymously in London on 1 January 1818, when she was 20.[2] Her name first appeared in the second edition published in Paris in 1821.

Shelley travelled through Europe in 1815 along the river Rhine in Germany stopping in Gernsheim, 17 kilometres (11 mi) away from Frankenstein Castle, where two centuries before, an alchemist engaged in experiments.[3][4][5] She then journeyed to the region of Geneva, Switzerland, where much of the story takes place. The topic of galvanism and occult ideas were themes of conversation among her companions, particularly her lover and future husband Percy B. Shelley. Mary, Percy and Lord Byron had a competition to see who could write the best horror story. After thinking for days, Shelley dreamt about a scientist who created life and was horrified by what he had made, inspiring the novel.[6]

Frankenstein is infused with elements of the Gothic novel and the Romantic movement. Brian Aldiss has argued that it should be considered the first true science fiction story because, in contrast to previous stories with fantastical elements resembling those of later science fiction, the central character "makes a deliberate decision" and "turns to modern experiments in the laboratory" to achieve fantastic results.[7] It has had a considerable influence in literature and popular culture and spawned a complete genre of horror stories, films and plays.

Since the novel's publication, the name "Frankenstein" has often been used to refer to the monster itself.[8][9][10] In the novel, Frankenstein's creation is identified by words such as "creature", "monster", "daemon", "wretch", "abortion", "fiend" and "it". Speaking to Victor Frankenstein, the monster says "I ought to be thy Adam, but I am rather the fallen angel" (which ties to Lucifer in Paradise Lost, which the monster reads, and which relates to the disobedience of Prometheus in the book's subtitle).

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