Frank R. Paul

Frank R. Paul
Photo portrait c. 1939
Rudolph Franz Paul

(1884-04-18)April 18, 1884
DiedJune 29, 1963(1963-06-29) (aged 79)
Spouse(s)Rudolpha Costa Rigelsen
Paul's cover for Amazing Stories, August 1927, illustrating The War of the Worlds

Frank Rudolph Paul (German: [paʊl]; April 18, 1884 – June 29, 1963) was an American illustrator of pulp magazines in the science fiction field.

A discovery of editor Hugo Gernsback, Paul was influential in defining the look of both cover art and interior illustrations in the nascent science fiction pulps of the 1920s.[1]

The Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted him in 2009.[2]


Paul was born on April 18, 1884 in Radkersburg,[3] Austria-Hungary. His father was from Hungary and his mother from Czechoslovakia.[4] He emigrated to the United States in 1906. He married Rudolpha Costa Rigelsen, a Belgian immigrant, in 1913,[3] and they had four children, Robert S. Paul (born 1915), Francis L. Paul (born 1919), Joan C. Paul (born 1921), and Patricia Ann Paul (born 1929).[4][5] He studied art in Vienna, Paris, and New York City. He went to work for the Jersey Journal performing graphic design. Publisher Hugo Gernsback hired him in 1914 to illustrate The Electrical Experimenter, a science magazine.[6]

He died on June 29, 1963 at his home in Teaneck, New Jersey.[7]

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