Francisco López de Zúñiga y Meneses, 2nd Marquis of Baides and Count of Pedrosa (
Villa de Pedrosa,
Spain; 1599–1655) was a
Spanish soldier who served as
Royal Governor of Chile from May 1639 to May 1646.
The son of Francisco López de Zúñiga y de la Cerda and María Meneses y Padilla. López de Zúñiga was a knight of the
Order of Santiago and Count of Pedrosa. He was married to María de Salazar in 1636.
For 16 years he served in the Spanish army, fighting in
Germany. In 1639 he was named Governor of the
Captaincy General of Chile. During his rule, corruption flourished. However he liked the Jesuits and admired Fr.
Luis de Valdivia, and he brought gifts to make a new agreement with the natives. In 1641 he held the
Parliament of Quillin, in the Quillin River valley, with the
Lincopinchon and established the first peace in the
Arauco War with the indigenous
Mapuche people. Nevertheless, a year later the Spaniards began using the military to put down uprisings.
At the end of his term he embarked on a Spanish armada departing from
Peru on its way back to Spain. Although he lived to see his son born during the voyage, the fleet was attacked by an English squadron while within sight of
Cadiz, Spain, and López de Zúñiga was killed in this
Battle of Cádiz (1656), as was his wife and one of his daughters.