The son of a prison concierge and a native
Parisian, Vincent worked as a lawyer's clerk and is believed to have lived in substantial poverty until 1792, at which point he became an active participant in the radical Revolutionary effort. The youngest of the men to follow
Jacques Hébert, Vincent, along with fellow Hébertist
Charles-Philippe Ronsin, took the Revolution to the country, becoming revolutionaries-on-a-mission. Upon his return to Paris, Vincent became more active in the
Cordelier Club and was soon elected Orator. After this advancement, Vincent was eventually made General Secretary of the War Ministry under
Jean Baptiste Noël Bouchotte. It is this job that allowed Vincent to bring more power to the sans-culottes.