Founding fathers of the European Union

Europe's founding fathers

The European Union names 11 people as its founding fathers. [2] These are:

Picture Name Country Description
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078072-0004, Konrad Adenauer.jpg Konrad Adenauer West Germany First chancellor of West Germany, Adenauer attempted to restore relations with France during his term in office between 1949 and 1963. He was instrumental in bringing about the 1963 Élysée Treaty between the two countries. He signed a treaty of friendship with France.
Joseph Bech (detail).jpg Joseph Bech Luxembourg As Prime Minister of Luxembourg, Bech was actively involved in the establishment of the Benelux Customs Union and later the European Coal and Steel Community. Played an important role in preparing the 1955 Messina Conference which paved the way for the establishment of the European Economic Community in 1958.
Johan Beyen 1955 (1).jpg Johan Beyen Netherlands Dutch Foreign Minister and one of the principle architects of the common market after 1955
Winston Churchill cph.3b12010.jpg Winston Churchill United Kingdom British Prime Minister during World War II, Churchill called for a "United States of Europe", organised democratically, to prevent future wars in Europe
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg Alcide De Gasperi Italy Italian Prime Minister and a skilled mediator, involved in the creation of the Council of Europe and in creating rapprochement between other European states.
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F004665-0003, Walter Hallstein.jpg Walter Hallstein West Germany German academic and diplomat who served as the European Commission's first president at the European Economic Community and played a notable role in creating the common market
Sicco Mansholt 1974 (1).jpg Sicco Mansholt Netherlands A farmer and member of the Dutch Resistance during World War II where he witnessed the Dutch famine of 1944, Mansholt's ideas on the need for European self-sufficiency in food formed the basis of the Common Agricultural Policy.
Jean Monnet.jpg Jean Monnet France A political and economic advisor, Monnet helped to create the Schuman Declaration of 1950, a milestone Franco-German rapprochement after World War II and the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community, and promoted international industrial cooperation.
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman France As French Foreign Minister between 1948 and 1952, Schuman was responsible for the 1950 Schuman Declaration (together with Jean Monnet) which agreed to place France and Germany's production of coal and steel under a single international authority, a key milestone towards the European Coal and Steel Community.
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg Paul-Henri Spaak Belgium A Belgian Prime Minister involved in the negotiation of the Benelux Customs Union in 1944 and later appointed to leading roles in the United Nations, NATO, Council of Europe and European Coal and Steel Community in the 1950s and 1960s. He played an important role in creating the 1957 Treaty of Rome which led to the foundation of the European Economic Community.
Altiero Spinelli2.jpg Altiero Spinelli Italy A left-wing and progressivist politician and convinced federalist, Spinelli was involved in the Italian resistance during World War II and instrumental in the 1941 Ventotene Manifesto. He remained an influential federalist and was author of the 1984 Spinelli Plan, beginning a process which would culminate in the Maastricht Treaty and the creation of the European Union.

Other sources discuss fewer names. [3]