Fort Nashborough

Fort Nashborough
Fort Nashborough, First Ave. and Church St., Nashville, Tenn (74048).jpg
A historical reconstruction of Fort Nashborough
Fort Nashborough is located in Tennessee
Fort Nashborough
Fort Nashborough is located in the US
Fort Nashborough
Coordinates36°9′51″N 86°46′28″W / 36°9′51″N 86°46′28″W / 36.16417; -86.77444
ArchitectNorth Carolina Militia (Overmountain Men)
Architectural stylelog stockade
NRHP reference #11000454
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJuly 13, 2011
Removed from NRHPNovember 24, 2015
Museum visitor at Fort Nashborough

Fort Nashborough was the stockade established in early 1779 in the French Lick area of the Cumberland River valley, as a forerunner to the settlement that would become the city of Nashville, Tennessee. The log stockade was square in shape and covered 2 acres (8,100 m2). It contained 20 log cabins and was protection for the settlers against wild animals and Indians. Today, a reconstructed fortification, maintained by Nashville Parks and Recreation, stands near the site of the original structure.[citation needed]


The American Revolution broke out one month after Richard Henderson's purchase agreement with the Cherokee for the lands of the proposed Transylvania settlement was signed.

Most Cherokee towns wished to stay neutral in the growing contest between the colonists and Britain, but Chief Dragging Canoe considered the war an opportunity to resist the continual encroachment by frontiersmen on traditional Cherokee territories. American retaliatory raids against his Cherokee towns in eastern Tennessee eventually forced Dragging Canoe to move his people farther to the south and west –down the Tennessee River. In 1779 they settled along Chickamauga Creek (near present-day Chattanooga, Tennessee), becoming known as the Chickamauga Cherokees. Later they were forced to move even further west and southwest, where they established the "Five Lower Towns", and were often thereafter referred to as the "Lower Cherokee". Dragging Canoe had promised to make any white settlers pay a "heavy price" if they moved into the Cumberland River valley, and he was to make good his word.

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