Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
City
City of Fort Lauderdale
Downtown Fort Lauderdale
Downtown Fort Lauderdale
Flag of Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Flag
Official seal of Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): Venice of America
Map of Florida highlighting Fort Lauderdale.svg
U.S. Census Bureau map
U.S. Census Bureau map
Fort Lauderdale is located in Florida
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale
Location in Florida and the United States
Fort Lauderdale is located in the US
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale (the US)
Coordinates: 26°8′N 80°9′W / 26°8′N 80°9′W / 26.133; -80.150
Country United States
State Florida
CountyLogo of Broward County, Florida.svg Broward
EstablishedMarch 27, 1911
Government
 • TypeCommission-Manager
 • MayorDean Trantalis (D)
 • Vice MayorRobert L. McKinzie[1]
 • CommissionersHeather Moraitis, Steven Glassman, Ben Sorensen [2]
 • City ManagerLee R. Feldman[3]
 • City ClerkArleen Gross[4]
Area[5]
 • City36.31 sq mi (94.05 km2)
 • Land34.62 sq mi (89.67 km2)
 • Water1.69 sq mi (4.37 km2)  9.87%
Elevation[6]9 ft (2.75 m)
Population (2010)
 • City165,521
 • Estimate (2016)[7]178,752
 • Density5,162.81/sq mi (1,993.39/km2)
 • Metro5,762,717 (US: 8th)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
ZIP codes33301, 33304-33306, 33308-33309, 33312-33313, 33315-33316, 33334, 33394[8]
Area code(s)754, 954
FIPS code12-24000
GNIS feature ID0282693[9]
Websitewww.fortlauderdale.gov

Fort Lauderdale (l/; frequently abbreviated as Ft. Lauderdale) is a city in the U.S. state of Florida, 28 miles (45 km) north of Miami. It is the county seat of Broward County, and a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 165,521 in 2010.[10]

The city is a popular tourist destination, with an average year-round temperature of 75.5 °F (24.2 °C) and 3,000 hours of sunshine per year. Greater Fort Lauderdale, encompassing all of Broward County, hosted 12 million visitors in 2012, including 2.8 million international visitors. In 2012, the county collected $43.9 million from the 5% hotel tax it charges, after hotels in the area recorded an occupancy rate for the year of 72.7 percent and an average daily rate of $114.48. The district has 561 hotels and motels comprising nearly 35,000 rooms. Forty-six cruise ships sailed from Port Everglades in 2012. Greater Fort Lauderdale has over 4,000 restaurants, 63 golf courses, 12 shopping malls, 16 museums, 132 nightclubs, 278 parkland campsites, and 100 marinas housing 45,000 resident yachts.[11]

Fort Lauderdale is named after a series of forts built by the United States during the Second Seminole War. The forts took their name from Major William Lauderdale (1782–1838), younger brother of Lieutenant Colonel James Lauderdale. William Lauderdale was the commander of the detachment of soldiers who built the first fort.[12] However, development of the city did not begin until 50 years after the forts were abandoned at the end of the conflict.

Three forts named "Fort Lauderdale" were constructed: the first was at the fork of the New River, the second was at Tarpon Bend on the New River between the present-day Colee Hammock and Rio Vista neighborhoods, and the third was near the site of the Bahia Mar Marina.[12]

History

The New River in downtown Fort Lauderdale

The area in which the city of Fort Lauderdale would later be founded was inhabited for more than two thousand years by the Tequesta Indians.[13] Contact with Spanish explorers in the 16th century proved disastrous for the Tequesta, as the Europeans unwittingly brought with them diseases, such as smallpox, to which the native populations possessed no resistance. For the Tequesta, disease, coupled with continuing conflict with their Calusa neighbors, contributed greatly to their decline over the next two centuries.[14] By 1763, there were only a few Tequesta left in Florida, and most of them were evacuated to Cuba when the Spanish ceded Florida to the British in 1763, under the terms of the Treaty of Paris (1763), which ended the Seven Years' War.[13] Although control of the area changed between Spain, United Kingdom, the United States, and the Confederate States of America, it remained largely undeveloped until the 20th century.

The Fort Lauderdale area was known as the "New River Settlement" before the 20th century. In the 1830s there were approximately 70 settlers living along the New River. William Cooley, the local Justice of the Peace, was a farmer and wrecker, who traded with the Seminole Indians. On January 6, 1836, while Cooley was leading an attempt to salvage a wrecked ship, a band of Seminoles attacked his farm, killing his wife and children, and the children's tutor. The other farms in the settlement were not attacked, but all the white residents in the area abandoned the settlement, fleeing first to the Cape Florida Lighthouse on Key Biscayne, and then to Key West.[15]

The first United States stockade named Fort Lauderdale was built in 1838,[16] and subsequently was a site of fighting during the Second Seminole War. The fort was abandoned in 1842, after the end of the war, and the area remained virtually unpopulated until the 1890s. It was not until Frank Stranahan arrived in the area in 1893 to operate a ferry across the New River, and the Florida East Coast Railroad's completion of a route through the area in 1896, that any organized development began. The city was incorporated in 1911, and in 1915 was designated the county seat of newly formed Broward County.[17]

Fort Lauderdale's first major development began in the 1920s, during the Florida land boom.[18] The 1926 Miami Hurricane[19] and the Great Depression of the 1930s caused a great deal of economic dislocation. In July 1935, an African-American man named Rubin Stacy was accused of robbing a white woman at knife point. He was arrested and being transported to a Miami jail when police were run off the road by a mob. A group of 100 white men proceeded to hang Stacy from a tree near the scene of his alleged robbery. His body was riddled with some twenty bullets.[20] The murder was subsequently used by the press in Nazi Germany to discredit US critiques of its own persecution of Jews, Communists, and Catholics.[21]

When World War II began, Fort Lauderdale became a major US base, with a Naval Air Station to train pilots, radar operators, and fire control operators. A Coast Guard base at Port Everglades was also established.[22]

On July 4, 1961 African Americans started a series of protests, wade-ins, at beaches that were off-limits to them, to protest "the failure of the county to build a road to the Negro beach".[23][24] On July 11, 1962 a verdict by Ted Cabot went against the city's policy of racial segregation of public beaches.

Today, Fort Lauderdale is a major yachting center,[25] one of the nation's largest tourist destinations,[25] and the center of a metropolitan division with 1.8 million people.[26]

Population size

After the war ended, service members returned to the area, spurring an enormous population explosion which dwarfed the 1920s boom.[14] The 1960 Census counted 83,648 people in the city, about 230% of the 1950 figure.[27] A 1967 report estimated that the city was approximately 85% developed,[28] and the 1970 population figure was 139,590.[29]

After 1970, as Fort Lauderdale became essentially built out, growth in the area shifted to suburbs to the west. As cities such as Coral Springs, Miramar, and Pembroke Pines experienced explosive growth, Fort Lauderdale's population stagnated, and the city actually shrank by almost 4,000 people between 1980, when the city had 153,279 people,[30] and 1990, when the population was 149,377. A slight rebound brought the population back up to 152,397 at the 2000 census. Since 2000, Fort Lauderdale has gained slightly over 18,000 residents through annexation of seven neighborhoods in unincorporated Broward County.[31]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fort Lauderdale
български: Форт Лодърдейл
brezhoneg: Fort Lauderdale
čeština: Fort Lauderdale
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Fort Lauderdale
español: Fort Lauderdale
Esperanto: Fort Lauderdale
français: Fort Lauderdale
Bahasa Indonesia: Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Interlingue: Fort Lauerdale
italiano: Fort Lauderdale
Kreyòl ayisyen: Fort Lauderdale, Florid
latviešu: Fortloderdeila
Lëtzebuergesch: Fort Lauderdale
lietuvių: Fort Loderdeilas
lumbaart: Fort Lauderdale
Nederlands: Fort Lauderdale
norsk nynorsk: Fort Lauderdale
português: Fort Lauderdale
Simple English: Fort Lauderdale, Florida
ślůnski: Fort Lauderdale
српски / srpski: Форт Лодердејл
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Türkçe: Fort Lauderdale
українська: Форт-Лодердейл
vepsän kel’: Fort Loderdeil
Tiếng Việt: Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Volapük: Fort Lauderdale
粵語: 羅德岱堡