Formula One Constructors' Association
Bernie Ecclestone (1978–)
The Formula One Constructors' Association (FOCA) was an organization of the
chassis builders (constructors) who design and build the cars that race in the
Formula One World Championship. It evolved from the earlier Formula 1 Constructors Association (F1CA; the name was changed due to
unfortunate connotations in some languages) and came to be dominated by
Bernie Ecclestone and
Max Mosley (originally a co-founder of
Ken Tyrrell were also significant members. FOCA served to represent the interests of their privately owned teams – usually against the race organisers and later against the manufacturer-owned or supported teams such as Ferrari, Matra and Alfa Romeo. Ecclestone became the organisation's chief executive in 1978, with Mosley taking on the role of legal advisor.
In the early 1980s, the organization fell out with the sport's governing body – the
FISA. The eventual resolution of this conflict saw Ecclestone take a more significant role in the running of the sport with the formation of
FOA (Formula One Administration).
Following the disqualification of
Nelson Piquet and
Keke Rosberg from the
1982 Brazilian Grand Prix, numerous FOCA-aligned teams including
Brabham boycotted the
San Marino Grand Prix. Four FOCA-aligned teams –
Toleman – broke their stated boycott and started the race anyway.