Formia

Formia
Comune
Comune di Formia
Remains of the ancient Roman port in the Gianola park
Remains of the ancient Roman
port in the Gianola park
Coat of arms of Formia
Coat of arms
Formia within the Province of Latina
Formia within the Province of Latina
Formia is located in Italy
Formia
Formia
Location of Formia in Italy
Coordinates: 41°16′N 13°37′E / 41°16′N 13°37′E / 41.267; 13.617
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceLatina (LT)
FrazioniCastellonorato, Gianola-Santo Janni, Marànola, Penitro, Trivio
Government
 • MayorPaola Villa
Area
 • Total73 km2 (28 sq mi)
Elevation19 m (62 ft)
Population (31 August 2017)
 • Total38,095
 • Density520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Formiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code04023
Dialing code0771
Patron saintSt. Erasmus and St. John
Saint dayJune 2 and June 24
WebsiteOfficial website
The tower of Mola Castle.

Formia is a city and comune in the province of Latina, on the Mediterranean coast of Lazio (Italy). It is located halfway between Rome and Naples, and lies on the Roman-era Appian Way. It has a population of 38,095.[1]

History

The octagonal tower of Castellone.

Formia was founded in ancient times by the Laconi and named in Greek, Ὁρμίαι (hormiai, meaning "landing place") and later in early Latin, Ormiae. In the Roman Republic era it was called Formiae (derived from Hormia or Ormiai, for its excellent landing). It was a renowned resort during the imperial era.

Cicero was assassinated on the Appian Way outside the town in 43 BC, and his tomb remains a minor tourist destination. The city was also the seat of St. Erasmus's martyrdom, by being disemboweled around 303 AD, during the persecutions of Diocletian. St. Erasmus later also became known as Saint Elmo the patron saint of sailors.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the city was sacked by barbarians and the population moved to two distinct burghs on the nearby hill, which were under the rule of Gaeta. Charles II of Anjou built a fortress in the maritime burgh, Mola di Gaeta. The other burgh was known as Castellone, from the castle erected there in the mid-14th century by Onorato I Caetani, count of Fondi.

The two villages were united again in 1863 under the name of Formia. The reunited city was badly damaged in 1943–44 in bombing operations and the Battle of Anzio.[2]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Formiya
تۆرکجه: فرمیا
Bân-lâm-gú: Formia
Bikol Central: Formia
български: Формия
brezhoneg: Formia
català: Formia
Deutsch: Formia
Ελληνικά: Φόρμια
español: Formia
Esperanto: Formia
euskara: Formia
فارسی: فرمیا
français: Formia
galego: Formia
한국어: 포르미아
հայերեն: Ֆորմիա
interlingua: Formia
italiano: Formia
Latina: Formiae
lietuvių: Formija
lumbaart: Formia
magyar: Formia
Bahasa Melayu: Formia
Nederlands: Formia
日本語: フォルミア
Napulitano: Formia
norsk nynorsk: Formia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Formia
Piemontèis: Formia
polski: Formia
português: Fórmias
română: Formia
русский: Формия
sicilianu: Formia
Simple English: Formia
српски / srpski: Формија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Formia
suomi: Formia
svenska: Formia
tarandíne: Formia
Türkçe: Formia
українська: Формія
vèneto: Formia
Tiếng Việt: Formia
Volapük: Formia
Winaray: Formia
中文: 福尔米亚