Forcalquier

Forcalquier
A general view of Forcalquier, with the Luberon Massif in the background
A general view of Forcalquier, with the Luberon Massif in the background
Coat of arms of Forcalquier
Coat of arms
Location of Forcalquier
Forcalquier is located in France
Forcalquier
Forcalquier
Forcalquier is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Forcalquier
Forcalquier
Coordinates: 43°57′36″N 5°46′50″E / 43°57′36″N 5°46′50″E / 43.96; 5.7806UTC+02:00 (CEST)
04088 /04300
Elevation397–904 m (1,302–2,966 ft)
(avg. 550 m or 1,800 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Forcalquier (French pronunciation: ​[fɔʁ.kal.kje]; Occitan: Forcauquier, pronounced [fuɾkɔwˈkje]) is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France.

Forcalquier is located between the Lure and Luberon mountain ranges, about 30 km (19 mi) south of Sisteron and 10 km (6.2 mi) west of the Durance river. During the Middle Ages it was the capital of Haute-Provence.

History

Furnus Calcarius was the Latin name, from the lime kilns used in Roman times. (A Roman bridge still stands in the valley to the south of the town.) Its Provençal name is Fourcauquié. At the end of the 11th century, a family of the Counts of Provence created the comté de Forcalquier that remained an independent state through the 12th century.

During this time, the town of Forcalquier was the capital of Haute Provence along the Durance, which included the towns of Manosque, Sisteron, Gap and Embrun. Forcalquier minted its own currency, and its church was elevated to the status of a "concathedral".

The Counts of Forcalquier grew to a power that could defy the Counts of Provence. Rivalry ended in 1195 when Gersende de Sabran, comtesse de Forcalquier, married Alfonso II, the Count of Provence. Their son, Ramon Bérenger IV inherited the two counties.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Forcalquier
aragonés: Folcalquer
Bân-lâm-gú: Forcalquier
català: Forncauquièr
Cebuano: Forcalquier
čeština: Forcalquier
Cymraeg: Forcalquier
Deutsch: Forcalquier
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Forcalquier
español: Forcalquier
Esperanto: Forcalquier
euskara: Forcalquier
français: Forcalquier
galego: Forcalquier
한국어: 포르칼퀴에
Bahasa Indonesia: Forcalquier
italiano: Forcalquier
Kapampangan: Forcalquier
kurdî: Forcalquier
Lëtzebuergesch: Forcalquier
lietuvių: Forkalkjė
lumbaart: Forcalquier
magyar: Forcalquier
Bahasa Melayu: Forcalquier
Nederlands: Forcalquier (stad)
norsk nynorsk: Forcalquier
occitan: Forcauquier
Piemontèis: Forcalquier
Plattdüütsch: Forcalquier
polski: Forcalquier
português: Forcalquier
română: Forcalquier
русский: Форкалькье
Simple English: Forcalquier
slovenčina: Forcalquier
slovenščina: Forcalquier
српски / srpski: Форкалкје
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Forcalquier
svenska: Forcalquier
Türkçe: Forcalquier
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Forcalquier
українська: Форкальк'є
Tiếng Việt: Forcalquier
Volapük: Forcalquier
Winaray: Forcalquier
Zeêuws: Forcalquier