Food and Drug Administration

Food and Drug Administration
Food and Drug Administration logo 2016.svg
Agency overview
FormedJune 30, 1906; 112 years ago (1906-06-30)[1]
Preceding agencies
  • Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration (July 1927 to July 1930)
  • Bureau of Chemistry, USDA (July 1901 through July 1927)
  • Division of Chemistry, USDA (established 1862)
JurisdictionFederal government of the United States
HeadquartersWhite Oak Campus
10903 New Hampshire Avenue
Silver Spring, Maryland 20993
39°02′07″N 76°58′59″W / 39°02′07″N 76°58′59″W / 39.03528; -76.98306
Employees14,824 (2010)[2]
Annual budget$5.1 billion (2018)[3]
Agency executives
Parent agencyDepartment of Health and Human Services
Child agencies

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments. The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the control and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs (medications), vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices (ERED), cosmetics, animal foods & feed[4] and veterinary products. As of 2017, 3/4th of the FDA budget (approximately $700 million) is funded by the pharmaceutical companies due to the Prescription Drug User Fee Act.[5][6]

The FDA was empowered by the United States Congress to enforce the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, which serves as the primary focus for the Agency; the FDA also enforces other laws, notably Section 361 of the Public Health Service Act and associated regulations, many of which are not directly related to food or drugs. These include regulating lasers, cellular phones, condoms and control of disease on products ranging from certain household pets to sperm donation for assisted reproduction.

The FDA is led by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Commissioner reports to the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Scott Gottlieb, M.D. is the current commissioner, who took over in May 2017.[7]

The FDA has its headquarters in unincorporated White Oak, Maryland.[8] The agency also has 223 field offices and 13 laboratories located throughout the 50 states, the United States Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.[3] In 2008, the FDA began to post employees to foreign countries, including China, India, Costa Rica, Chile, Belgium, and the United Kingdom.[9]

FDA Building 31 houses the Office of the Commissioner and the Office of Regulatory Department of Health and Human Services.[10] The agency consists of fourteen Centers and Offices:[note 1]

Organizational chart

Other Languages
српски / srpski: Uprava za hranu i lekove
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Uprava za hranu i lekove
Türkçe: FDA
українська: FDA