Foix

Foix
Prefecture and commune
View of Chateau de Foix in Lazema area
View of Chateau de Foix in Lazema area
Flag of Foix
Flag
Coat of arms of Foix
Coat of arms
Foix is located in France
Foix
Foix
Location within Occitanie region
Foix is located in Occitanie
Foix
Foix
Coordinates: 42°57′59″N 1°36′28″E / 42°57′59″N 1°36′28″E / www.mairie-foix.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Foix (French pronunciation: ​[fwa]; Occitan: Fois [ˈfujs, ˈfujʃ]; Catalan: Foix [ˈfoʃ]) is a commune, the former capital of the County of Foix. Today it is the Préfecture of the Ariège department in southwestern France in the Occitanie region. It is the second least populous administrative centre of a department in all of France, the least-populous being Privas. Foix lies south of Toulouse, close to the border with Spain and Andorra. At the 2009 census, the city had a population of 9,861 people. It is only the second city of the department after Pamiers which is one of the two sub-prefectures. Foix is twinned with the English cathedral city of Ripon.

History

Château des Comtes de Foix

The Romans built a fort on the rocky hill where the Château de Foix castle now overlooks the town. The town of Foix probably owes its origin to an oratory founded by Charlemagne, which afterwards became the Abbey of Saint Volusianus in 849. The current area was preceded by the County of Foix.

The founding, in 849, of the Abbey Saint-Volusien allowed the development of urban living in the tenth century to the twelfth century. The city reached its peak in the fourteenth century.

The castle, whose foundations date back to the early tenth century, was a strong fortress that withstood the repeated attacks of Simon de Montfort IV between 1211 and 1217, during the Albigensian Crusade. In 1272, when the Count of Foix refused to recognize the sovereignty of the king of France, Philip the Bold personally took the leadership of an expedition against the city, subsequently the count surrendered. In 1290, at a meeting of the Béarn region and the county of Foix, the city was practically abandoned by the Counts. Gaston Phoebus was the last to have lived in the castle, and by the sixteenth century the castle had lost its military purpose. The castle was then used as a prison until 1864.

In 1536 began the first Reformation preaching in Foix, and in 1579 the church of Montgauzy was destroyed. The same fate awaited the abbey and its church in 1581. The following year, Foix was retaken by Catholics, and in 1589 the Count of Foix, Henry of Navarre, was crowned King of France and became Henry IV.

Other Languages
العربية: فوا
aragonés: Foix
azərbaycanca: Fua (şəhər)
Bân-lâm-gú: Foix
brezhoneg: Fois
Cebuano: Foix
čeština: Foix
Cymraeg: Foix
dansk: Foix
Deutsch: Foix
español: Foix
Esperanto: Foix
euskara: Foix
فارسی: فوآ
français: Foix
galego: Foix
한국어: 푸아
հայերեն: Ֆուա (քաղաք)
Bahasa Indonesia: Foix
italiano: Foix
עברית: פואה
Kongo: Foix
Latina: Fuxium
latviešu: Fuā
Lëtzebuergesch: Foix
magyar: Foix
Malagasy: Foix
Bahasa Melayu: Foix
Nederlands: Foix (stad)
日本語: フォワ
norsk: Foix
norsk nynorsk: Foix
Novial: Foix
occitan: Fois
Piemontèis: Foix
polski: Foix
português: Foix
română: Foix
русский: Фуа (город)
Scots: Foix
Simple English: Foix
slovenčina: Foix (obec)
slovenščina: Foix
српски / srpski: Фоа
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Foix
suomi: Foix
svenska: Foix
Türkçe: Foix
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Foix
українська: Фуа
اردو: فوا
Tiếng Việt: Foix
Volapük: Foix
Winaray: Foix
中文: 富瓦