Flag of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
NamesAzərbaycan bayrağı, Üçrəngli bayraq (The tricolour flag)
UseNational flag and ensign
Proportion1:2
Adopted9 November 1918 (re-adopted on 5 February 1991)
DesignA horizontal tricolor of blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star centered on a red band
Designed byAli bey Huseynzade

The flag of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan bayrağı) is a horizontal tricolour featuring three equally sized fesses of blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star in the center. The tricolour replaced an earlier design used by the Azerbaijan SSR. The blue symbolizes Azerbaijan's Turkic heritage, the red stands for progress, and the green represents Islam. The official colors and size were adopted on 5 February 1991.[1] This flag was used from 9 November 1918 to 1920, when Azerbaijan was independent, and it was revived with slight variations on 5 February 1991.[2] The nickname for the flag is Üçrəngli Bayraq, which means The Tricolour Flag.

The flag is referred to in the Constitution and mentioned two times in the national anthem. On land, the flag is used as the civil, state and war flag; at sea, it is used as the civil, state, and naval ensign, as well as the naval jack.[3] The flag also has official status in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. A presidential decree declared 9 November, the date when in 1918 this flag was adopted as the national flag of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, as the national Flag Day.[4]

Design

Construction sheet of the Azerbaijani flag

The national flag of Azerbaijan consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width, from top to bottom: light blue, red, and green. In the center are a white crescent and eight-pointed star. The basic description of the flag, along with the ratio, can be found in the Constitution of Azerbaijan, which was adopted 12 November 1995:

State flag of the Azerbaijan Republic consists of three horizontal stripes of same width. Upper stripe is blue, middle stripe is red, and the lower one is green; in the middle of red stripe on both sides of the flag white crescent with eight-pointed star are depicted. Width of the flag constitutes half of its length.[5]

Further specifications of the national flag were detailed in the Presidential Decree "On the National Flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan" issued on 5 February 1991.[6] The ratio was kept at 1:2, which was used in the Soviet era.[7] Each stripe is one-third of the total height of the flag and extends the full length. The star and crescent were placed in a box that has a ratio of 3:4; the crescent is shifted one-sixtieth from the center. The outside diameter of both the crescent and the red inside circle intersects with the diameter of the star. The diameter of the star is one-sixth the height of the flag; the inscribed circle in this star is one-twelfth the height of the flag.[8] The flag is also described in the technical specification "AZS 001-2006. Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Bayrağı. Texniki şərtlər." published by the State Committee on Standardization, Metrology and Patents of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 2006.[9]

The colors of the national flag are green, red, sky blue, and white. Exact specifications for its colors were issued in the 2004 decree "On the Rules of the National Flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The colors, later updated in 2013, specified in Pantone, are as follows:[10]

Color model Blue Red Green
Pantone[10] 306 C Red 032 C 362 C
RGB[11] 0, 181, 226 (#00b5e2) 239, 51, 64 (#ef3340) 80, 158, 47 (#509e2f)
Other Languages
العربية: علم أذربيجان
azərbaycanca: Azərbaycan bayrağı
беларуская: Сцяг Азербайджана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сьцяг Азэрбайджану
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: আজারবাইজানর ফিরালহান
Bahasa Indonesia: Bendera Azerbaijan
Bahasa Melayu: Bendera Azerbaijan
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ozarbayjon bayrogʻi
Simple English: Flag of Azerbaijan
slovenščina: Zastava Azerbajdžana
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zastava Azerbejdžana
vepsän kel’: Azerbaidžanan flag
Tiếng Việt: Quốc kỳ Azerbaijan