Fisheries Convention

Fisheries Convention
London Fisheries Convention
  Parties (coastline involved)
  Parties (coastline not involved)
  Signatory (landlocked, no coastline)
Signed9 March 1964; 54 years ago (9 March 1964)[1]
LocationLondon, United Kingdom[1]
Effective15 March 1966; 52 years ago (15 March 1966)[1]
Condition8 ratifications
Signatories12[1]
Parties12[1]
DepositaryGovernment of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland[2]
LanguagesEnglish and French

The Fisheries Convention or the London Fisheries Convention is an international agreement signed in London in relation to fishing rights across the coastal waters of Western Europe, in particular the fishing rights in the North Sea, in the Skagerrak, in the Kattegat and on the European Atlantic coast. It gives right of full access to the fishing grounds between 6 and 12 nautical miles of the national coastline to the fishing industry of those contracting parties that had already been fishing there in the period 1953–1962.

This agreement is largely superseded to the Common Fisheries Policy (the CFP), as all parties are members of the European Union.

Background and negotiations

Between Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom the "International Convention for regulating the police of the North Sea fisheries outside territorial waters" (the North Sea Fisheries Convention) of 1888 applied which allowed fishing in each other's waters up to 3 miles from the coast line. The United Kingdom denounced this convention in 1963 in order to allow setting up a 12-mile exclusive fishery zone. After denunciation it invited the parties to that convention and several others to negotiate on several issues related to fisheries, which resulted in the Fisheries Convention.[3]

Negotiations took place between the parties of the European Economic Communities, the European Free Trade Association, the Commission of the EEC, as well as Iceland, Ireland and Norway.[3]