First Anglo-Burmese War
|First Anglo-Burmese War|
ပထမ အင်္ဂလိပ် မြန်မာ စစ်
The storming of one of the principal stockades, near
| || |
|Commanders and leaders|
Minkyaw Zeya Thura
|Casualties and losses|
|15,000||Unknown but significantly higher than the British|
The First Anglo-Burmese War, also known as the First Burma War, (
Fifteen thousand European and Indian soldiers died, together with an unknown number of Burmese military and civilian casualties. The high cost of the campaign to the British, 5–13 million pounds sterling (£386 million – £1 billion as of 2016), contributed to a severe economic crisis in British India which cost the
For the Burmese Empire, it was the beginning of the end of their independence. The Third Burmese Empire, for a brief time the terror of British India, was crippled and no longer a threat to the eastern frontier of British India. The Burmese would be crushed for years to come by repaying the heavy indemnity of one million pounds (then US$5 million), a large sum at that time. The British would wage two more wars against a much-weakened Burma, and swallow up the entire country by 1885.
By 1822, Burmese expansion into
In January 1824, Burma sent one of their top generals, Thado Thiri Maha Uzana, into Cachar and Jaintia to disperse the rebels. The British sent in their own force to meet the Burmese in Cachar, resulting in the first clashes between the two. The war formally broke out on 5 March 1824, following border clashes in Arakan.
The British reason for the war was, in addition to expanding British