Ferry

The Staten Island Ferry in the United States shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island in New York City.
A typical car ferry in Istanbul, Turkey
Passenger area of a Norwegian ferry

A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo, across a body of water. A passenger ferry with many stops, such as in Venice, Italy, is sometimes called a water bus or water taxi.

Ferries form a part of the public transport systems of many waterside cities and islands, allowing direct transit between points at a capital cost much lower than bridges or tunnels. Ship connections of much larger distances (such as over long distances in water bodies like the Mediterranean Sea) may also be called ferry services, especially if they carry vehicles.

History

In ancient times

The profession of the ferryman is embodied in Greek mythology in Charon, the boatman who transported souls across the River Styx to the Underworld.

Speculation that a pair of oxen propelled a ship having a water wheel can be found in 4th century Roman literature "Anonymus De Rebus Bellicis". Though impractical, there is no reason why it could not work and such a ferry, modified by using horses, was used in Lake Champlain in 19th-century America. See "When Horses Walked on Water: Horse-Powered Ferries in Nineteenth-Century America" (Smithsonian Institution Press; Kevin Crisman, co-authored with Arthur Cohn, Executive Director of the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum). See Experiment (horse powered boat).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Veerboot
العربية: عبارة (مركب)
asturianu: Tresbordador
azərbaycanca: Bərə
বাংলা: খেয়া
Bân-lâm-gú: Tō͘-chûn
беларуская: Паром
български: Ферибот
bosanski: Trajekt
català: Transbordador
čeština: Přívoz
dansk: Færge
Deutsch: Fähre
eesti: Parvlaev
Ελληνικά: Πορθμείο
español: Transbordador
Esperanto: Pramo
euskara: Ferri
فارسی: فرابر
français: Ferry (bateau)
Gàidhlig: Aiseag
한국어: 연락선
hrvatski: Trajekt
Ido: Paromo
Bahasa Indonesia: Kapal feri
íslenska: Ferja
italiano: Traghetto
עברית: מעבורת
ქართული: ბორანი
қазақша: Сал қайық
Kiswahili: Feri
latviešu: Prāmis
Lëtzebuergesch: Fär
lietuvių: Keltas
lingála: Ekátiseli
magyar: Komp
македонски: Траект
മലയാളം: കടത്ത്
Bahasa Melayu: Feri
Nederlands: Veerboot
Nedersaksies: Veerboot
日本語: フェリー
нохчийн: Бурам
Nordfriisk: Föriskep
norsk: Ferje
norsk nynorsk: Ferje
polski: Prom
português: Balsa
română: Feribot
русский: Паром
Scots: Ferry
sicilianu: Traghettu
Simple English: Ferry
slovenčina: Trajekt
slovenščina: Trajekt
ślůnski: Fera
српски / srpski: Трајект
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Trajekt
Basa Sunda: Féri
svenska: Färja
Tagalog: Ferry
తెలుగు: ఫెర్రీ
Türkçe: Feribot
українська: Пором
vèneto: Tragheto
Tiếng Việt: Phà
粵語: 渡船
žemaitėška: Kelpts
中文: 渡輪