Fernando Belaúnde Terry

Fernando Belaúnde Terry
Fernando Belaúnde Terry 1980.jpg
57th & 60th President of Peru
In office
28 July 1980 – 28 July 1985
Prime MinisterManuel Ulloa Elías
Fernando Schwalb López Aldana
Sandro Mariátegui Chiappe
Luis Pércovich Roca
Vice PresidentFernando Schwalb López Aldana (1st)
Javier Alva Orlandini (2nd)
Preceded byFrancisco Morales-Bermúdez
(President of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Government)
Succeeded byAlan García Pérez
In office
28 July 1963 – 3 October 1968
Prime MinisterJulio Óscar Trelles Montes
Fernando Schwalb López Aldana
Daniel Becerra de la Flor
Edgardo Seoane Corrales
Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati
Oswaldo Hercelles García
Miguel Mujica Gallo
Vice PresidentEdgardo Seoane Corrales
Mario Polar Ugarteche
Preceded byNicolás Lindley López
(President of the Military Coup)
Succeeded byJuan Velasco Alvarado
(President of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Government)
Senator for Life
Former President of the Republic
In office
26 July 1985 – 5 April 1992 (Senate Abolished)
Member of Parliament
For Lima
In office
28 July 1945 – 29 October 1948
ConstituencyLima
President of the Popular Action Party
In office
1956–2001
Preceded byParty Created
Succeeded byValentín Paniagua
Personal details
Born(1912-10-07)7 October 1912
Lima, Peru
Died4 June 2002(2002-06-04) (aged 89)
Lima, Peru
NationalityPeruvian
Political partyAcción Popular
Alma materUniversity of Miami
University of Texas at Austin
ProfessionArchitect

Fernando Belaúnde Terry (October 7, 1912 – June 4, 2002) was a Peruvian politician who served as the 57th and 60th President of Peru (1963–1968 and 1980–1985). Deposed by a military coup in 1968, he was re-elected in 1980 after eleven years of military rule. He was recognized for his personal integrity and his commitment to the democratic process.[citation needed]

Early years

The second of four children, Belaúnde was born in Lima into an aristocratic family of Spanish forebears: his father, Rafael Belaúnde Diez Canseco (1886-1972), a professor, served as Prime Minister under José Bustamante y Rivero; his paternal grandfather, Mariano Andrés Belaunde was a Finance Minister; and one of his great-grandfathers, Pedro Diez Canseco, was also President of the Republic.[1]

He attended the Deutsche Schule Alexander von Humboldt Lima (Colegio Peruano-Alemán Alexander von Humboldt) in Lima.[2]

During the dictatorship of Augusto B. Leguía, the persecution for the political activities of his father Rafael and his uncle Víctor Andrés Belaúnde prompted the family to move to France in 1924, where Fernando attended high school and received his initial University education in engineering.

From 1930 to 1935, Belaúnde studied architecture in the United States, where he first attended the University of Miami (where his father was also teaching), and in 1935 transferred to the University of Texas at Austin, where he obtained his degree as an architect. He later moved to Mexico and worked as an architect for a brief time, but returned to Peru in 1936 and started his professional career as an architect designing private homes. In 1937, he started a magazine called El Arquitecto Peruano ("Peruvian Architect"), which dealt with interior design, general urbanism and housing problems the country was facing. This also gave way to the Architects Association of Peru and the Urbanism Institute of Peru.

As a result, Belaúnde also became a government public-housing consultant throughout the country and abroad. In 1943, Belaúnde began teaching architecture and urban planning at Escuela Nacional de Ingenieros of Lima and later became the dean of the Civil Engineering and Architecture department. Belaúnde also directed the construction, along with other professors and students, of the faculty of architecture of the National University of Engineering in 1955.

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