Fencing

Fencing
Fencing pictogram.svg
Final Trophee Monal 2012 n08.jpg
Final of the Challenge Réseau Ferré de France–Trophée Monal 2012, épée world cup tournament in Paris.
Also known asÉpée Fencing, Foil Fencing, Sabre Fencing
FocusWeaponry
HardnessFull Contact
Olympic sportPresent since inaugural www.fie.org

Fencing is a group of three related combat sports. The three disciplines in modern fencing are the foil, the épée, and the sabre; winning points are made through the contact with an opponent. A fourth discipline, singlestick, appeared in the 1904 Olympics but was dropped after that, and is not a part of modern fencing. Fencing was one of the first sports to be played in the Olympics. Based on the traditional skills of swordsmanship, the modern sport arose at the end of the 19th century, with the Italian school having modified the historical European martial art of classical fencing, and the French school later refining the Italian system. There are three forms of modern fencing, each of which uses a different kind of weapon and has different rules; thus the sport itself is divided into three competitive scenes: foil, épée, and sabre. Most competitive fencers choose to specialize in one weapon only.

Competitive fencing is one of the five activities which have been featured in every modern Olympic Games, the other four being athletics, cycling, swimming, and gymnastics.

Competitive fencing

Governing body

Fencing is governed by Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (FIE). Today, its head office is in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 145 national federations, each of which is recognised by its state Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.[1]

Rules

The FIE maintains the current rules[2] used by FIE sanctioned international events, including world cups, world championships and the Olympic Games. The FIE handles proposals to change the rules the first year after an Olympic year in the annual congress. The US Fencing Association has slightly different rules, but usually adheres to FIE standards.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Skermsport
asturianu: Esgrima
azərbaycanca: Qılıncoynatma
Bân-lâm-gú: Se-iûⁿ-kiàm
башҡортса: Фехтование
беларуская: Фехтаванне
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фэхтаваньне
български: Фехтовка
བོད་ཡིག: གྲི་རྩེད།
bosanski: Mačevanje
brezhoneg: Iskrim
català: Esgrima
čeština: Sportovní šerm
Cymraeg: Cleddyfa
dansk: Fægtning
Deutsch: Fechten
eesti: Vehklemine
Ελληνικά: Ξιφασκία
español: Esgrima
Esperanto: Skermo
euskara: Eskrima
فارسی: شمشیربازی
Fiji Hindi: Fencing
français: Escrime
Frysk: Skermjen
galego: Esgrima
한국어: 펜싱
հայերեն: Սուսերամարտ
हिन्दी: तलवारबाजी
hrvatski: Mačevanje
Bahasa Indonesia: Anggar
íslenska: Skylmingar
italiano: Scherma (sport)
עברית: סיף
Basa Jawa: Anggar
ქართული: ფარიკაობა
қазақша: Семсерлесу
Latina: Ars gladii
latviešu: Paukošana
Lëtzebuergesch: Fechten
lietuvių: Fechtavimas
magyar: Vívás
македонски: Мечување
മലയാളം: ഫെൻസിംഗ്
Malti: Skerma
Bahasa Melayu: Lawan pedang
Baso Minangkabau: Anggar
Nederlands: Schermen
नेपाली: तरवारबाजी
norsk: Fekting
occitan: Escrima
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qilichbozlik
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤਲਵਾਰਬਾਜ਼ੀ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កីឡាចាក់សាប
polski: Szermierka
português: Esgrima
română: Scrimă
русский: Фехтование
Scots: Fencin
සිංහල: කඩු හරඹය
Simple English: Fencing
slovenčina: Športový šerm
slovenščina: Sabljanje
کوردی: شمشێربازی
српски / srpski: Мачевање
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mačevanje
Basa Sunda: Anggar
suomi: Miekkailu
svenska: Fäktsport
Tagalog: Eskrima
татарча/tatarça: Фехтование
Türkçe: Eskrim
українська: Фехтування
vèneto: Scherma
Tiếng Việt: Đấu kiếm
Võro: Vehklemine
Winaray: Iskrima
粵語: 劍擊
中文: 击剑