Federal government of the United States

U.S. Federal Government
Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg
Formation1789; 229 years ago (1789)
Founding documentUnited States Constitution
JurisdictionUnited States of America
Websitewww.usa.gov
Legislative branch
LegislatureCongress
Meeting placeCapitol
Executive branch
LeaderPresident
AppointerElectoral College
HeadquartersThe White House
Main organCabinet
Departments15
Judicial branch
CourtSupreme Court
SeatWashington, D.C.

The Federal Government of the United States (U.S. Federal Government)[a] is the national government of the United States, a federal republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district—Washington, D.C., and several territories. The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the president, and the federal courts, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of Congress, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court.

Naming

Political system of the United States

The full name of the republic is "United States of America". No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears on money, in treaties, and in legal cases to which it is a party (e.g. Charles T. Schenck v. United States). The terms "Government of the United States of America" or "United States Government" are often used in official documents to represent the federal government as distinct from the states collectively. In casual conversation or writing, the term "Federal Government" is often used, and the term "National Government" is sometimes used. The terms "Federal" and "National" in government agency or program names generally indicate affiliation with the federal government (Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service). Because the seat of government is in Washington, D.C., "Washington" is commonly used as a metonym for the federal government.

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