Federal Bureau of Investigation

Federal Bureau of Investigation
Seal of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.svg
Flag of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation.svg
Flag of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Badge of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.png
Badge of an FBI Special Agent
Agency overview
Formed July 26, 1908; 109 years ago (1908-07-26) as the Bureau of Investigation
Jurisdiction U.S. Government
Headquarters J. Edgar Hoover Building
Northwest, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Motto Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity
Employees 35,104 [1] (October 31, 2014)
Annual budget 8.7 billion USD (FY 2016) [2]
Agency executives
Parent agency Department of Justice
Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Website fbi.gov

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Justice, the FBI is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. [3] A leading U.S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes. [4] [5]

Although many of the FBI's functions are unique, its activities in support of national security are comparable to those of the British MI5 and the Russian FSB. Unlike the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which has no law enforcement authority and is focused on intelligence collection overseas, the FBI is primarily a domestic agency, maintaining 56 field offices in major cities throughout the United States, and more than 400 resident agencies in lesser cities and areas across the nation. At an FBI field office, a senior-level FBI officer concurrently serves as the representative of the Director of National Intelligence. [6] [7]

Despite its domestic focus, the FBI also maintains a significant international footprint, operating 60 Legal Attache (LEGAT) offices and 15 sub-offices in U.S. embassies and consulates across the globe. These overseas offices exist primarily for the purpose of coordination with foreign security services and do not usually conduct unilateral operations in the host countries. [8] The FBI can and does at times carry out secret activities overseas, [9] just as the CIA has a limited domestic function; these activities generally require coordination across government agencies.

The FBI was established in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation, the BOI or BI for short. Its name was changed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935. The FBI headquarters is the J. Edgar Hoover Building, located in Washington, D.C.

Budget, mission, and priorities

FBI Domestic Investigations and Operations Guide

In the fiscal year 2016, the Bureau's total budget was approximately $8.7 billion. [2]

The FBI's main goal is to protect and defend the United States, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners. [5]

Currently, the FBI's top priorities are: [10]

  1. Protect the United States from terrorist attacks,
  2. Protect the United States against foreign intelligence operations and espionage,
  3. Protect the United States against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes,
  4. Combat public corruption at all levels,
  5. Protect civil rights,
  6. Combat transnational/national criminal organizations and enterprises,
  7. Combat major white-collar crime,
  8. Combat significant violent crime,
  9. Support federal, state, local and international partners, and
  10. Upgrade technology to enable, and further, the successful performances of its missions as stated above.
Other Languages
asturianu: FBI
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фэдэральнае бюро расьсьледаваньняў
bosanski: FBI
Cymraeg: FBI
dansk: FBI
Ελληνικά: FBI
español: FBI
Esperanto: FBI
euskara: FBI
فارسی: اف‌بی‌آی
føroyskt: FBI
Frysk: FBI
galego: FBI
한국어: 연방수사국
hrvatski: FBI
Bahasa Indonesia: Biro Investigasi Federal
עברית: FBI
Kiswahili: FBI
Kurdî: FBI
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အက်ဖ်​ဘီအိုင်
日本語: 連邦捜査局
norsk nynorsk: FBI
português: FBI
српски / srpski: Federalni istražni biro
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: FBI
Türkçe: FBI
ייִדיש: FBI