Fatah

Fatah

فتح
ChairmanMahmoud Abbas
Secretary-GeneralJibril Rajoub
Vice ChairmanMahmoud Aloul
FounderYasser Arafat
Founded1959 as a political movement
1965 as a political party[1]
HeadquartersRamallah, West Bank
Youth wingFatah Youth
IdeologyPalestinian nationalism[2]
Secularism[3]
Social democracy[4]
Two-state solution
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
National affiliationPalestine Liberation Organization
European affiliation
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International
ColorsYellow
Slogan"Ya Jabal Ma yhezak Reeh"
("The winds cannot shake the mountain")
"Revolution until victory"
Palestinian Legislative Council
45 / 132
Party flag
www.fatehmedia.ps

Fatah (Arabic: فتحFatḥ), formerly the Palestinian National Liberation Movement,[5] is a Palestinian nationalist political party and the largest faction of the confederated multi-party Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the second-largest party in the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). The President of the Palestinian Authority is a member of Fatah.

Fatah is generally considered to have had a strong involvement in revolutionary struggle in the past and has maintained a number of militant groups.[6][7][8][9][10] Fatah had been closely identified with the leadership of its founder and Chairman Yasser Arafat, until his death in 2004, when Farouk Kaddoumi constitutionally succeeded him to the position of Fatah Chairman, and continued in the position until 2009, when Mahmoud Abbas was elected Chairman. Since Arafat's death, factionalism within the ideologically diverse movement has become more apparent.

In the 2006 election for the PLC, the party lost its majority in the PLC to Hamas. However, the Hamas legislative victory led to a conflict between Fatah and Hamas, with Fatah retaining control of the Palestinian National Authority in the West Bank through its President.

Etymology

The full name of the movement is حركة التحرير الوطني الفلسطيني ḥarakat al-taḥrīr al-waṭanī al-Filasṭīnī, meaning the "Palestinian National Liberation Movement". From this was crafted the reverse acronym فتح‎ Fatḥ (generally rendered in English as "Fatah") meaning "opening", "conquering", or "victory".[11] The word "fatḥ" or "fatah" is used in religious discourse to signify the Islamic expansion in the first centuries of Islamic history –as in Fatḥ al-Sham, the "conquering of the Levant". "Fatah" also has religious significance in that it is the name of the 48th sura (chapter) of the Quran which, according to major Muslim commentators, details the story of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. During the peaceful two years after the Hudaybiyyah treaty, many converted to Islam, increasing the strength of the Muslim side. It was the breach of this treaty by the Quraysh[12] that triggered the conquest of Mecca. This Islamic precedent was cited by Yasser Arafat as justification for his signing the Oslo Accords with Israel.[13][14]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Fatah
العربية: حركة فتح
asturianu: Fatah
Avañe'ẽ: Fatah
azərbaycanca: FƏTH
বাংলা: ফাতাহ
Bikol Central: Fatah
български: Фатах
català: Fatah
čeština: Fatah
Cymraeg: Fatah
dansk: Fatah
Deutsch: Fatah
eesti: Fataḩ
Ελληνικά: Φατάχ
español: Fatah
Esperanto: Fatah
euskara: Al-Fatah
français: Fatah
galego: Fatah
한국어: 파타
हिन्दी: फ़तह
hrvatski: Fatah
Ido: Fatah
Bahasa Indonesia: Fatah
íslenska: Fatah
italiano: Fatah
עברית: פת"ח
Jawa: Fatah
لۊری شومالی: الفتح
Bahasa Melayu: Fatah
Nederlands: Fatah
日本語: ファタハ
norsk: Fatah
norsk nynorsk: Fatah
occitan: Fatah
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਫ਼ਤਹ ਪਾਰਟੀ
polski: Al-Fatah
português: Fatah
română: Fatah
русский: ФАТХ
Simple English: Fatah
slovenčina: Fatah
slovenščina: Fatah
српски / srpski: Фатах
suomi: Fatah
svenska: Fatah
தமிழ்: ஃபத்தா
українська: ФАТХ
吴语: 法塔赫
ייִדיש: פאטאך
中文: 法塔赫