Farringdon Within is one of the 25 wards of the City of London, the historic and financial centre of London. The ward covers an area from Blackfriars station in the south to Barbican station in the north.
Originally known as the Ward of Anketill de Auvergne, Farringdon was named for Sir Nicholas Farindon, who was appointed Lord Mayor of London for "as long as it shall please him" by King Edward II. The ward had been virtually a political possession of the Farindon family for 82 years at the time of his appointment. His father, William Farindon, preceded him as alderman in 1281, when he, the father, purchased his position as alderman.
The father was Lord Mayor in 1281 and 1282 and also warden of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, a City Livery Company. During the reign of King Edward I, William Farindon, as an alderman and goldsmith, was implicated in the arrest of English Jewry (some, fellow goldsmiths) for treason.
The ward was split into Farringdon Without and Farringdon Within in 1394. "Without" and "Within" denote whether the ward fell outside or within the London Wall — this was also the case for the wards of Bridge Within and Without. However, since boundary changes in 2003 Farringdon Within is no longer entirely within the former wall.
The resident population of the ward is 276 (2011).