Farouk of Egypt

Farouk I
فاروق الأول
Kingfarouk1948.jpg
King Farouk I in military uniform
King of Egypt and the Sudan[1]
Reign28 April 1936 – 26 July 1952
Coronation29 July 1937[2]
PredecessorFuad I
SuccessorFuad II
Regents
Prime Ministers
Born(1920-02-11)11 February 1920
Abdeen Palace, Cairo, Sultanate of Egypt
Died18 March 1965(1965-03-18) (aged 45)
Capri, Italy
BurialAl-Rifa'i Mosque, Cairo, Egypt
SpouseFarida (née Safinaz Zulficar)
(m. 1938; div. 1948)
Narriman Sadek
(m. 1951; div. 1954)
IssuePrincess Ferial
Princess Fawzia
Princess Fadia
Fuad II
Full name
Farouk bin Ahmed Fuad bin Ismail bin Ibrahim bin Muhammad Ali bin Ibrahim Agha
DynastyMuhammad Ali Dynasty
FatherFuad I
MotherNazli Sabri
ReligionIslam
SignatureFarouk I فاروق الأول's signature

Farouk I (Arabic: فاروق الأولFārūq al-Awwal; 11 February 1920 – 18 March 1965) was the tenth ruler of Egypt from the Muhammad Ali dynasty and the penultimate King of Egypt and the Sudan, succeeding his father, Fuad I, in 1936.[3]

His full title was "His Majesty Farouk I, by the grace of God, King of Egypt and the Sudan, Sovereign of Nubia, of Kordofan and of Darfur". He was overthrown in the 1952 military coup d'état and forced to abdicate in favour of his infant son, Ahmed Fuad, who succeeded him as Fuad II. He died in exile in Italy in 1965.

His sister, Princess Fawzia Fuad, was the first wife and consort of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.[4]

Early life and education

He was born as His Sultanic Highness Farouk bin Fuad, Hereditary Prince of Egypt and Sudan, on 11 February 1920 at Abdeen Palace, Cairo, the eldest child of Sultan Fuad I (later King Fuad I) and his second wife, Nazli Sabri.[5][6] He was of 10/16 Circassian (bilineal), 3/16 Turkish (bilineal), 2/16 French (matrilineal) and 1/16 Albanian (patrilineal) descent.[7][8][9]

In addition to his sisters, Fawzia, Faiza, Faika and Fathia,[10] he had two half-siblings from his father's previous marriage to Princess Shwikar Khanum Effendi. Before his father's death, he was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, England.

Other Languages
العربية: فاروق الأول
беларуская: Фарук I
български: Фарук I
català: Faruk I
čeština: Farúk I.
Deutsch: Faruq
eesti: Fārūq I
español: Faruq de Egipto
فارسی: فاروق یکم
한국어: 파루크 1세
hrvatski: Faruk I.
Bahasa Indonesia: Farouk dari Mesir
Bahasa Melayu: Raja Farouk I
Nederlands: Faroek van Egypte
polski: Faruk I
português: Faruque do Egito
русский: Фарук I
slovenščina: Faruk
српски / srpski: Фарук I Египатски
suomi: Faruk
Türkçe: I. Faruk
українська: Фарук I