Far Eastern Republic
|Far Eastern Republic|
Far Eastern Republic:
• 6 Apr 1920 – Dec 1921
• Dec 1921 – 15 Nov 1922
• 6 Apr – Nov 1920
• Nov 1920 – Apr 1921
• 8 May – Dec 1921
• Dec 1921 – 14 Nov 1922
• 14–15 Nov 1922
|6 April 1920|
|15 November 1922|
|1,900,000 km2 (730,000 sq mi)|
|Today part of|| |
The Far Eastern Republic (
The Far Eastern Republic occupied the territory of modern
After the fall of
The Far Eastern Republic was established in the aftermath of the Russian Civil War. During the Civil War local authorities generally controlled the towns and cities of the Russian Far East, cooperating to a greater or lesser extent with the
A new central authority was established at Chita to govern the Far Eastern Republic remaining in the Japanese wake. The Far Eastern Republic was established comprising only the area around Verkhne-Udinsk, but during the summer of 1920, the Soviet government of the Amur territory agreed to join.
The Far Eastern Republic was formed two months after Kolchak's death with the tacit support of the government of Soviet Russia, which saw it as a temporary
On 1 April 1920, American forces headed by General
On 6 April 1920, a hastily convened Constituent Assembly gathered at
The Far Eastern Republic, controlled by moderate socialists, was only grudgingly recognized by the various cities of the region towards the end of 1920. Violence, atrocities, and reprisals continued to erupt periodically for the next 18 months.
Japan agreed to recognize the new buffer state in a truce with the
On 11 November 1920 a provisional national assembly for the Far East met in
However, right-wing forces rejected the idea of a fledgling democratic republic. On 26 May 1921 a White
The new Provisional Government of Priamur attempted—with little success—to rally the various anti-Bolshevik forces to its banner. Its leaders, two Vladivostok businessmen, the brothers S.D. and N.D. Merkulov, found themselves left isolated when the Japanese Army announced on 24 June 1922 that it would remove all of its troops from Siberia by the end of October. A July
With the Japanese exiting the country throughout the summer of 1922, panic swept through the White Russian community. As the Red Army, thinly disguised as the army of the Far Eastern Republic, approached, thousands of Russians fled abroad to escape the new régime. The army of the Far Eastern Republic retook Vladivostok on 25 October 1922, effectively bringing the Russian Civil War to a close.
With the Civil War finally over, Soviet Russia absorbed the Far Eastern Republic on 15 November 1922. The government of the Far Eastern Republic dissolved itself and transferred all its authority and territory to the Bolshevik government in Moscow.
Japan retained the northern half of Sakhalin Island until 1925, ostensibly as compensation for the massacre of about 700 civilians and soldiers at the Japanese garrison at