Fantasy world

"The Nix as a brook horse" by Theodor Kittelsen: folklore transformed into a fantasy world

A fantasy world is a human conceived world created in fictional media, such as literature, film or games. Typical fantasy worlds involve magic or magical abilities, nonexistent technology[1] and sometimes, either a historical or futuristic theme. Some worlds may be a parallel world connected to Earth via magical portals or items (like Narnia); a fictional Earth set in the remote past or future (like Middle-earth); or an entirely independent world set in another part of the universe (like the Star Wars Galaxy).[2]

Many fantasy worlds draw heavily on real world history, geography, sociology, mythology, and folklore.

Plot function

The setting of a fantasy work is often of great importance to the plot and characters of the story. The setting itself can be imperiled by the evil of the story, suffer a calamity, and be restored by the transformation the story brings about.[3] Stories that use the setting as merely a backdrop for the story have been criticized for their failure to use it fully.[4]

Even when the land itself is not in danger, it is often used symbolically, for thematic purposes, and to underscore moods.[5]

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