Fantasy

Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world. Its roots are in oral traditions, which then became literature and drama. From the twentieth century it has expanded further into various media, including film, television, graphic novels and video games.

Fantasy is a subgenre of speculative fiction and is distinguished from the genres of science fiction and horror by the absence of scientific or macabre themes respectively, though these genres overlap. In popular culture, the fantasy genre is predominantly of the medievalist form. In its broadest sense, however, fantasy consists of works by many writers, artists, filmmakers, and musicians from ancient myths and legends to many recent and popular works.

Traits

Most fantasy uses magic or other supernatural elements as a main plot element, theme, or setting. Magic and magical creatures are common in many of these worlds.

An identifying trait of fantasy is the author's reliance on imagination to create narrative elements that do not have to rely on history or nature to be coherent.[1] This differs from realistic fiction in that realistic fiction has to attend to the history and natural laws of reality, where fantasy does not. An author applies his or her imagination to come up with characters, plots, and settings that are impossible in reality.

Many fantasy authors use real-world folklore and mythology as inspiration;[2] and although another defining characteristic of the fantasy genre is the inclusion of supernatural elements, such as magic,[3] this does not have to be the case. For instance, a narrative that takes place in an imagined town in the northeastern United States could be considered realistic fiction as long as the plot and characters are consistent with the history of a region and the natural characteristics that someone who has been to the northeastern United States expects; however, if the narrative takes place in an imagined town, on an imagined continent, with an imagined history and an imagined ecosystem, the work becomes fantasy with or without supernatural elements.

Fantasy has often been compared to science fiction and horror because they are the major categories of speculative fiction. Fantasy is distinguished from science fiction by the plausibility of the narrative elements. A science fiction narrative is unlikely, though seemingly possible through logical scientific or technological extrapolation, where fantasy narratives do not need to be scientifically possible.[1] Authors have to rely on the readers' suspension of disbelief, an acceptance of the unbelievable or impossible for the sake of enjoyment, in order to write effective fantasies. Despite both genres' heavy reliance on the supernatural, fantasy and horror are distinguishable. Horror primarily evokes fear through the protagonists' weaknesses or inability to deal with the antagonists.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fantasieroman
Alemannisch: Fantasy
العربية: فنتازيا
azərbaycanca: Fentezi
Bân-lâm-gú: Kî-hoàn
беларуская: Фэнтэзі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фэнтэзі
български: Фентъзи
bosanski: Fantastika
català: Fantasia
čeština: Fantasy
Cymraeg: Ffantasi
dansk: Fantasy
Deutsch: Fantasy
eesti: Imeulme
Esperanto: Fantasto
euskara: Fantasia
français: Fantasy
Gaelg: Fansee
galego: Fantasía
한국어: 판타지
Հայերեն: Ֆենտեզի
hrvatski: Fantastika
Bahasa Indonesia: Fantasi
íslenska: Fantasía
italiano: Fantasy
עברית: פנטזיה
ქართული: ფენტეზი
қазақша: Фэнтези
Кыргызча: Фэнтези
Limburgs: Fantasy
lumbaart: Fantasy
magyar: Fantasy
მარგალური: ფენტეზი
Bahasa Melayu: Fantasi
Nederlands: Fantasy (genre)
norsk nynorsk: Fantasy
occitan: Fantasiá
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਨੋਕਥਾ
پښتو: خايالي
polski: Fantasy
português: Fantasia (gênero)
русский: Фэнтези
Scots: Fantasie
shqip: Fantazia
සිංහල: ෆැන්ටසි
Simple English: Fantasy
slovenčina: Fantasy
slovenščina: Fantazijska pripoved
کوردی: فەنتازیا
српски / srpski: Фантастика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fantasy
suomi: Fantasia
svenska: Fantasy
Tagalog: Pantasya
татарча/tatarça: Фэнтези
Türkçe: Fantezi
українська: Фентезі
اردو: فنطاسیہ
Tiếng Việt: Kỳ ảo
ייִדיש: פאנטאזיע
中文: 奇幻作品
ГӀалгӀай: Земсеттолг