Fan (person)

Sudhir Kumar Chaudhary is a diehard fan of cricketer Sachin Tendulkar and the Indian cricket team, who travels to all Indian home games with his body painted as the Indian flag

A fan, or fanatic, sometimes also termed aficionado or supporter, is a person who is enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer. Collectively, the fans of a particular object or person constitute its fanbase or fandom. They may show their enthusiasm in a variety of ways, such as by promoting the object of their interest, being members of a fan club, holding or participating in fan conventions, or writing fan mail. They may also engage in creative activities ("fan labor") such as creating fanzines, writing fan fiction, making memes or drawing fan art.


Merriam-Webster, the Oxford dictionary and other sources define "fan" as a shortened version of the word fanatic. Fanatic itself, introduced into English around 1550, means "marked by excessive enthusiasm and often intense uncritical devotion". It comes from the Modern Latin fanaticus, meaning "insanely but divinely inspired". The word originally pertained to a temple or sacred place [Latin fanum, poetic English fane]. The modern sense of "extremely zealous" dates from around 1647; the use of fanatic as a noun dates from 1650. However, the term "fancy" for an intense liking of something (a usage attested by 1545[1]), while being of a different etymology, coincidentally carries a less intense but somewhat similar connotation to "fanatic". Use of "the fancy" to mean avid sports enthusiasts emerged as an Americanism in the mid-19th C.[2] The Dickson Baseball Dictionary cites William Henry Nugent's work asserting that it was derived from the fancy, a term referring to the fans of a specific hobby or sport from the early 18th century to the 19th, especially to the followers of boxing.[3] According to that theory, it was originally shortened to fance then just to the homonym fans.[not in citation given] The Great American Baseball Scrapbook attributes the term to Chris Von der Ahe, owner of the Saint Louis Brown Stockings in 1882. Von der Ahe sold tickets for 25 cents, hoping the many patrons would purchase his beer; the low ticket price helped him lead the stats in attendance. He called the fanatics filling his stands "fans". [4]

Supporter is a synonym to "fan" that predates the latter term and is still commonly used in British English, especially to denote fans of sports teams. However, the term "fan" has become popular throughout the English-speaking world, including the United Kingdom. The term supporter is also used in a political sense in the United States, to a fan of a politician, a political party, and a controversial issue.

Other Languages
العربية: معجب
বাংলা: সমর্থক
Bân-lâm-gú: Siáu-iú
беларуская: Балельшчык
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Заўзятар
čeština: Fanoušek
dansk: Fan
Deutsch: Fan
español: Fan
euskara: Fan
français: Fan (admirateur)
galego: Fan
Bahasa Indonesia: Penggemar
italiano: Fan
қазақша: Жанкүйер
latviešu: Fans
Lëtzebuergesch: Fan
lietuvių: Fanas (asmuo)
Bahasa Melayu: Peminat
Nederlands: Fan
日本語: ファン
norsk: Supporter
polski: Fan
русский: Фанат
Simple English: Fanatic
slovenčina: Fanúšik
suomi: Fani
svenska: Supporter
ไทย: แฟน
Türkçe: Hayran
українська: Фанат
Tiếng Việt: Người hâm mộ
ייִדיש: מעריצים
粵語: 擁躉
中文: 爱好者