The Falkland Current (also called Malvinas Current or Falklands Current) is a cold water current that flows northward along the Atlantic coast of
Patagonia as far north as the mouth of the
Río de la Plata. This current results from the movement of water from the
West Wind Drift as it rounds
Cape Horn. It takes its name from the
Falkland Islands (
Spanish: Islas Malvinas). This cold current mixes with the tropical
Brazil Current in the
Argentine Sea (see
Brazil–Falkland Confluence), giving it its temperate climate.
The current is an equatorward flowing current that carries cold and relatively fresh
subantarctic water. The Falkland Current is a branch of the
Antarctic Circumpolar Current. It transports between 60 and 90 Sverdrups of water with speeds ranging from a half a meter to a meter per second. Hydrographic data in this area is very scarce and thus various hydrographic variables have a great deal of error. The Falkland Current is not a
surface current like the Brazil Current but it extends all the way to the sea-floor. Typical temperatures for the current are around 6 °C, with a salinity of 33.5–34.5 psu.