FIFA

FIFA
Fédération Internationale de Football Association
FIFA logo without slogan.svg
Logo of FIFA
World Map FIFA.svg
Map of the members of FIFA according to their confederation
AbbreviationFIFA[1]
MottoFor the Game. For the World.
Founded21 May 1904; 114 years ago (1904-05-21)
Founded atParis, France
TypeFederation of national associations
Legal statusGoverning body of association football
PurposeSport governance
HeadquartersZürich, Switzerland
Coordinates47°22′53″N 8°34′28″E / 47°22′53″N 8°34′28″E / 47.38139; 8.57444
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
211 national associations
Official languages
English
French
German
Spanish
Gianni Infantino
Senior Vice-President
Salman Bin Ibrahim Al-Khalifa (AFC)
Vice-Presidents
Aleksander Čeferin (UEFA)
David Gill
Alejandro Domínguez (CONMEBOL)
Ahmad Ahmad (CAF)
Victor Montagliani (CONCACAF)
Sándor Csányi
Lambert Maltock (OFC)[2]
Secretary General
Fatma Samoura
Main organ
Congress
Subsidiaries
AffiliationsIOC
www.fifa.com

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association[a] (FIFA ə/ FEEF-ə; French for 'International Federation of Association Football') is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, and beach soccer. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991.

FIFA was founded in 1904[3] to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. Headquartered in Zürich, its membership now comprises 211 national associations. Member countries must each also be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa, Asia, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean, Oceania, and South America.

Although FIFA does not control the rules of football, that being the responsibility of the International Football Association Board, it is responsible for both the organization of a number of tournaments and their promotion, which generate revenue from sponsorship. In 2017, FIFA had revenues of over US$734 million, for a net loss of $189 million, and had cash reserves of over US$930 million.[4]

Reports by investigative journalists have linked FIFA leadership with corruption, bribery, and vote-rigging related to the election of FIFA president Sepp Blatter and the organization's decision to award the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar, respectively. These allegations led to the indictments of nine high-ranking FIFA officials and five corporate executives by the U.S. Department of Justice on charges including racketeering, wire fraud, and money laundering. On 27 May 2015, several of these officials were arrested by Swiss authorities, who were launching a simultaneous but separate criminal investigation into how the organization awarded the 2018 and 2022 World Cups. Those among these officials who were also indicted in the U.S. are expected to be extradited to face charges there as well.[5][6][7] Many officials were suspended by FIFA's ethics committee including Sepp Blatter[8] and Michel Platini.[9] In early 2017 reports became public about FIFA president Gianni Infantino attempting to prevent the re-elections[10] of both chairmen of the ethics committee, Cornel Borbély and Hans-Joachim Eckert, during the FIFA congress in May 2017.[11][12] On May 9, 2017, following Infantino's proposal,[13] FIFA Council decided not to renew the mandates of Borbély and Eckert.[13] Together with the chairmen, 11 of 13 committee members were removed.[14]

History

The need for a single body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was founded in the rear of the headquarters of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA) at the Rue Saint Honoré 229 in Paris on 21 May 1904.[15] The French name and acronym are used even outside French-speaking countries. The founding members were the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain (represented by the then-Madrid Football Club; the Royal Spanish Football Federation was not created until 1913), Sweden and Switzerland. Also, that same day, the German Football Association (DFB) declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram.[1]

The first president of FIFA was Robert Guérin. Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by then a member of the association. The first tournament FIFA staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.[dubious ]

Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada and Chile in 1913, and the United States in 1914.[16]

During World War I, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited, the organization's survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann. It was saved from extinction but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations (of the United Kingdom), who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations later resumed their membership.

The FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum at Urbis in Manchester, England.[17] The first World Cup was held in 1930 in Montevideo, Uruguay.[17]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: FIFA
Alemannisch: FIFA
অসমীয়া: ফিফা
asturianu: FIFA
Avañe'ẽ: FIFA
azərbaycanca: FİFA
تۆرکجه: فیفا
বাংলা: ফিফা
Bân-lâm-gú: FIFA
беларуская: ФІФА
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: ФІФА
भोजपुरी: फीफा
български: ФИФА
Boarisch: FIFA
bosanski: FIFA
Cebuano: FIFA
čeština: FIFA
dansk: FIFA
Deutsch: FIFA
डोटेली: फिफा
eesti: FIFA
Ελληνικά: FIFA
español: FIFA
Esperanto: FIFA
euskara: FIFA
فارسی: فیفا
Gaeilge: FIFA
galego: FIFA
ગુજરાતી: ફિફા
հայերեն: ՖԻՖԱ
हिन्दी: फीफा
hrvatski: FIFA
Bahasa Indonesia: FIFA
interlingua: FIFA
Interlingue: FIFA
isiXhosa: FIFA
עברית: פיפ"א
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಫೀಫಾ
ქართული: ფიფა
қазақша: ФИФА
Kiswahili: FIFA
kurdî: FIFA
Latina: FIFA
latviešu: FIFA
lietuvių: FIFA
lumbaart: FIFA
मैथिली: फिफा
македонски: ФИФА
മലയാളം: ഫിഫ
Malti: FIFA
मराठी: फिफा
მარგალური: ფიფა
مصرى: فيفا
Bahasa Melayu: FIFA
Baso Minangkabau: FIFA
Nederlands: FIFA
नेपाली: फिफा
Napulitano: FIFA
norsk: FIFA
norsk nynorsk: FIFA
олык марий: ФИФА
Oromoo: FIFA
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: FIFA
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਫੀਫਾ
پنجابی: فیفا
پښتو: فيفا
Piemontèis: FIFA
polski: FIFA
Qaraqalpaqsha: FIFA
rumantsch: FIFA
русский: ФИФА
саха тыла: FIFA
sardu: FIFA
Scots: FIFA
shqip: FIFA
sicilianu: FIFA
සිංහල: ෆීෆා
Simple English: FIFA
slovenščina: FIFA
ślůnski: FIFA
Soomaaliga: FIFA
کوردی: فیفا
српски / srpski: ФИФА
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: FIFA
Basa Sunda: FIFA
svenska: Fifa
Tagalog: FIFA
тоҷикӣ: ФИФА
Türkçe: FIFA
українська: ФІФА
اردو: فیفا
Tiếng Việt: FIFA
Yorùbá: FIFA