Club Atlético Lanús
Born in Buenos Aires, Carboni started his career with Club Atlético Lanús with the youth system in 1996. He was promoted to the first team and played in the Primera Division Argentina from 1998 to 2005. With the club, Carboni went on to make over 200 appearances in all competitions while scoring 4 goals. After his seven-year speel with the Argentine giants, he was linked with a transfer to Europe and eventually signed for FC Red Bull Salzburg in July 2005.
FC Red Bull Salzburg
In July 2005, Carboni was signed on a 3-year contract by the Austrian club where he would go on to spend three seasons, winning two Austrian Bundesliga titles. During his time with the club, Carboni was an integral part of the club's success, as he made just over 100 appearances for the club in all competitions while scoring an impressive 8 goals. After his successful stint in Austria he was scouted by Calcio Catania of the Italia Serie A.
On June 2008, Carboni, who also holds Italian citizenship,Serie A club Calcio Catania on a 3-year deal. He was one of eleven new players brought in by the Sicilian club, during the 2008 summer transfer window.
His first season in Sicily started off with several injury problems, but since has been regularly included in the club's starting eleven, and has formed a solid midfield partnership with Italian international, Marco Biagianti. During the 2009–10 Serie A campaign, Carboni had been a regular in the starting XI, proving to be a decisive player in the team yet again, making 28 league appearances, and helping Catania reach salvation for the 4th consecutive season, as the club ended the season with a record amount of points for the club, finishing in 12th position, under head coach Siniša Mihajlović. Carboni made 25 Serie A appearances for Catania this season, and his current contract expires on June 30 of the current campaign.
was signed by
Following his release by Catania, Carboni returned to Argentina for the first time in six years since joining Red Bull Salzburg by joining Club Atlético Banfield on a free transfer. However, Banfield played poorly and the club went to the bottom of the league. However, Carboni's time at Banfield is over after 14 appearances for the club because he was forced to quit the club after he was spotted buying replica shirts of the team's arch-rivals, Club Atlético Lanús. Fans were enraged when the picture appeared in Argentine media, particularly given Carboni's poor start to the season, and the 32-year-old decided that it was best if he and his employers went their separate ways.
"I talked it through with the club's directors and my agent, and we realised that the atmosphere was not going to get better," Carboni interview following his released from Banfield.