Exeter

Exeter
City of Exeter
City and non-metropolitan district
Clockwise: The Cathedral, The Clock Tower, Devon County Hall, Cathedral Close, The Iron Bridge.
Clockwise: The Cathedral, The Clock Tower, Devon County Hall, Cathedral Close, The Iron Bridge.
Motto(s): Semper fidelis (Always Faithful)
The District of Exeter including Topsham shown within Devon
The District of Exeter including Topsham shown within Devon
Coordinates: 50°43′N 3°32′W / 50°43′N 3°32′W / 50.717; -3.533
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial and shire countyDevon
City statusTime immemorial
Non-metropolitan district1974
Government
 • TypeExeter City Council
 • Lord MayorLesley Robson
 • MPsBen Bradshaw (L)
Hugo Swire (C)
 • HQCivic Centre, Paris Street
 • UK ParliamentExeter
East Devon
 • European ParliamentSouth West England
Area[1]
 • Total18.16 sq mi (47.04 km2)
Area rank274th (of 326)
Population (mid-2017 est.)[2]
 • Total128,900
 • Rank171st (of 326)
 • Density7,100/sq mi (2,700/km2)
 • DemonymsExonian
 • Ethnicity (2011)[3]
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode districtEX1-6
Area code(s)01392
Websiteexeter.gov.uk

Exeter (ər/ (About this sound listen)) is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST). The city is on the River Exe about 36 miles (58 km) northeast of Plymouth and 65 miles (105 km) southwest of Bristol. It is the county town of Devon, and the home of Devon County Council.

Exeter was the most south-westerly Roman fortified settlement in Britain. Exeter became a religious centre during the Middle Ages and into the Tudor times: Exeter Cathedral, founded in the mid 11th century, became Anglican during the 16th-century English Reformation. During the late 19th century, Exeter became an affluent centre for the wool trade, although by the First World War the city was in decline. After the Second World War, much of the city centre was rebuilt and is now considered to be a centre for modern business and tourism in Devon and Cornwall.

The administrative area of Exeter has the status of a non-metropolitan district under the administration of the County Council; a plan to grant the city unitary authority status was scrapped under the 2010 coalition government.

Name

The modern name of Exeter is a development of the Old English Escanceaster,[4] from the anglicised form of the river now known as the Exe and the Old English suffix -ceaster, used to mark important fortresses or fortified towns. (The Welsh name for the city, Caerwysg, similarly means "fortress on the Exe".) The name "Exe" is a separate development of the Brittonic name—meaning "water"[5] or, more exactly, "full of fish" (cf. Welsh pysg, pl. "fish")[6]—that also appears in the English Axe and Esk and the Welsh Usk (Welsh: Wysg).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Exeter
Ænglisc: Exanceaster
العربية: إكزتر
asturianu: Exeter
تۆرکجه: اکستر
беларуская: Эксетэр
български: Ексетър
bosanski: Exeter
brezhoneg: Exeter
català: Exeter
čeština: Exeter
Cymraeg: Caerwysg
dansk: Exeter
Deutsch: Exeter
eesti: Exeter
español: Exeter
Esperanto: Exeter
euskara: Exeter
فارسی: اکستر
français: Exeter
Gaeilge: Exeter
galego: Exeter
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Exeter
한국어: 엑서터
հայերեն: Էքսետեր
hrvatski: Exeter
Ido: Exeter
Bahasa Indonesia: Exeter, Inggris
Ирон: Эксетер
íslenska: Exeter
italiano: Exeter
עברית: אקסטר
kernowek: Karesk
Kiswahili: Exeter
Latina: Exonia
latviešu: Eksetera
lietuvių: Ekseteris
lumbaart: Exeter
magyar: Exeter
مازِرونی: اکستر
日本語: エクセター
norsk: Exeter
norsk nynorsk: Exeter
پنجابی: ایکسٹر
polski: Exeter
português: Exeter
română: Exeter
Runa Simi: Exeter
русский: Эксетер
Scots: Exeter
sicilianu: Exeter
Simple English: Exeter
slovenščina: Exeter
српски / srpski: Ексетер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Exeter
suomi: Exeter
svenska: Exeter
Tagalog: Exeter
Türkçe: Exeter
українська: Ексетер
اردو: ایکسٹر
vepsän kel’: Ekseter
Tiếng Việt: Exeter
Volapük: Exeter
Winaray: Exeter
ייִדיש: עקסעטער
粵語: 雅息特
中文: 埃克塞特