Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.[1] It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and improving health[2] also for enjoyment. Many individuals choose to exercise outdoors where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and enhance well-being.[3]


An astronaut, Daniel Tani, working out with a short bar to increase his upper body strength while in a microgravity environment

Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types, depending on the overall effect they have on the human body:[4]

Physical exercise can also include training that focuses on accuracy, agility, power, and speed.[8]

Sometimes the terms 'dynamic' and 'static' are used.[citation needed] 'Dynamic' exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow. Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly, albeit transiently, during the performance of the exercise.[9]

Other Languages
العربية: تدريب بدني
Bân-lâm-gú: Liān-sin-thé
Cymraeg: Ymarfer corff
dansk: Motion
Esperanto: Korpekzercado
français: Fitness
Frysk: Fitness
ગુજરાતી: વ્યાયામ
한국어: 운동 (활동)
हिन्दी: व्यायाम
Bahasa Indonesia: Latihan fisik
íslenska: Líkamsrækt
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವ್ಯಾಯಾಮ
Kiswahili: Mazoezi ya mwili
मराठी: व्यायाम
Nederlands: Lichaamsbeweging
नेपाल भाषा: अभ्यास
norsk: Mosjon
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବ୍ୟାୟାମ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਰੀਰਕ ਕਸਰਤ
português: Exercício físico
संस्कृतम्: व्यायामः
Simple English: Physical exercise
slovenčina: Telesné cvičenie
slovenščina: Telovadba
suomi: Kuntoilu
svenska: Träning
తెలుగు: వ్యాయామం
українська: Фізичні вправи
Tiếng Việt: Thể dục
ייִדיש: איבונגען
粵語: 健身
中文: 體能鍛煉