Executive (government)

The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state. The executive executes and enforces law.

In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.

In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.

In this context, the executive consists of a leader(s) of an office or multiple offices. Specifically, the top leadership roles of the executive branch may include:

In a presidential system, the leader of the executive is both the head of state and head of government. [1] In a parliamentary system, a cabinet minister responsible to the legislature is the head of government, while the head of state is usually a largely ceremonial monarch or president. [2]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Exekutive
العربية: سلطة تنفيذية
asturianu: Poder executivu
azərbaycanca: İcraedici hakimiyyət
Bân-lâm-gú: Hêng-chèng
беларуская: Выканаўчая ўлада
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Выканаўчая ўлада
bosanski: Izvršna vlast
čeština: Výkonná moc
Deutsch: Exekutive
español: Poder ejecutivo
Esperanto: Plenuma povo
فارسی: قوه مجریه
한국어: 행정기관
hrvatski: Izvršna vlast
Bahasa Indonesia: Eksekutif
íslenska: Framkvæmdarvald
Basa Jawa: Eksekutif
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಾರ್ಯಾಂಗ
къарачай-малкъар: Толтуруучу власть
latviešu: Izpildvara
lumbaart: Poder esecutiv
македонски: Извршна власт
Bahasa Melayu: Badan eksekutif
Nederlands: Uitvoerende macht
日本語: 行政機関
norsk nynorsk: Den utøvande makta
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਾਰਜਪਾਲਿਕਾ
Plattdüütsch: Utövend Macht
português: Poder Executivo
română: Executiv
Runa Simi: Ruraq atiy
Simple English: Executive (government)
slovenčina: Výkonná moc
slovenščina: Izvršilna oblast
Soomaaliga: Fulinta (Dawlad)
српски / srpski: Извршна власт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Izvršna vlast
Türkçe: Yürütme erki
українська: Виконавча влада
Tiếng Việt: Quyền hành pháp
粵語: 行政
中文: 行政机构