European pine marten
|European pine marten|
|European pine marten range|
(green – native, red – introduced)
Mustela martes Linnaeus, 1758
The European pine marten (Martes martes), known most commonly as the pine marten in Anglophone Europe, and less commonly also known as pineten, baum marten, or sweet marten,[
Their bodies are up to 53 cm (21 in) in length, and their bushy tails can be 25 cm (10 in). Males are slightly larger than females; typically, martens weigh around 1.5 kg (3.3 lb) - 1.7 kg (3.7 lb). Their fur is usually light to dark brown and grows longer and silkier during the winter, while being short and coarse in the summer. They have a cream- to yellow-coloured "bib" marking on their throats. It has an excellent sense of sight, smell, and hearing.